Table of Contents
|List of figures and tables||p. 5|
|Almsgiving within the 'Muslim sphere'||p. 19|
|Social capital and wealth||p. 25|
|Muslim positions towards poverty alleviation||p. 27|
|Investigating the 'Muslim sphere' in Ghana: Sources and previous research||p. 31|
|Islam and Muslims in contemporary Ghana||p. 37|
|Accommodation or rejection?||p. 37|
|Muslim political activity from the colonial to the present period||p. 41|
|Contested loyalties: Muslims, the civil society and the secular state||p. 46|
|Undercounting the Muslims? The census debate of 2002||p. 52|
|Increased manifestation of Muslim presence in Ghana||p. 56|
|Poverty, violence and the Muslim community||p. 59|
|Poverty in Northern Ghana||p. 62|
|Beggars and poor people in Tamale||p. 68|
|Economic and societal marginalization of Muslims - imagined and real||p. 76|
|'Muslim beggars' and 'poor Northerners': The view from the South||p. 76|
|Declaring begging to be illegal||p. 86|
|'Ordinary peoples' perceptions: Lazy people making money out of begging||p. 92|
|The beggar's voice||p. 96|
|Muslim voices: Break the circle of poverty through modern education||p. 98|
|The expansion and activities of Muslim NGOs in Ghana||p. 110|
|To reinterpret zakat or not?||p. 129|
|Zakat and poverty alleviation: Voluntary or organized?||p. 132|
|Zakat, ushr and/or sadaqa in the North?||p. 138|
|Institutionalizing Zakat: Many local and regional funds or a national Zakat fund?||p. 140|
|Local initiatives||p. 141|
|The Ahmadiyya||p. 143|
|Visions about a Zakat fund||p. 146|
|Assistance to the poor, hospitality towards strangers||p. 150|
|Almsgiving in a global age||p. 154|
|Concluding reflections||p. 157|
|Appendix I||p. 160|
|Appendix II||p. 161|
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