Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences

by ;
Format: Hardcover
Pub. Date: 2005-02-15
Publisher(s): Mit Pr
List Price: $53.00

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Winner of the 2006 Giovanni Sartori Book Award, given by the American Political Science Association's Qualitative Methods Section. The use of case studies to build and test theories in political science and the other social sciences has increased in recent years. Many scholars have argued that the social sciences rely too heavily on quantitative research and formal models and have attempted to develop and refine rigorous methods for using case studies. This text presents a comprehensive analysis of research methods using case studies and examines the place of case studies in social science methodology. It argues that case studies, statistical methods, and formal models are complementary rather than competitive. The book explains how to design case study research that will produce results useful to policymakers and emphasizes the importance of developing policy-relevant theories. It offers three major contributions to case study methodology: an emphasis on the importance of within-case analysis, a detailed discussion of process tracing, and development of the concept of typological theories. Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Scienceswill be particularly useful to graduate students and scholars in social science methodology and the philosophy of science, as well as to those designing new research projects, and will contribute greatly to the broader debate about scientific methods.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Part I Case Studies and Social Science 1(60)
Chapter 1 Case Studies and Theory Development
Chapter 2 Case Study Methods and Research on the Interdemocratic Peace
A Pedagogical Note to Parts II and III 61(4)
Part II How to Do Case Studies 65(60)
Chapter 3 The Method of Structured, Focused Comparison
Chapter 4 Phase One: Designing Case Study Research
Chapter 5 Phase Two: Carrying Out the Case Studies
Chapter 6 Phase Three: Drawing the Implications of Case Findings for Theory
Part III Alternative Methods and Select Issues 125(162)
Chapter 7 Case Studies and the Philosophy of Science
Chapter 8 Comparative Methods: Controlled Comparison and Within-Case Analysis
Chapter 9 The Congruence Method
Chapter 10 Process-Tracing and Historical Explanation
Chapter 11 Integrating Comparative and Within-Case Analysis: Typological Theory
Chapter 12 Case Studies and Policy-Relevant Theory
Appendix: Studies That Illustrate Research Design 287(40)
Index 327(7)
About the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs 334

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