Defining Mental Disorder Jerome Wakefield and His Criticsby Faucher, Luc; Forest, Denis
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One of the most pressing theoretical problems of psychiatry is the definition of mental disorder. Jerome Wakefield's proposal that mental disorder is "harmful dysfunction" has been both influential and widely debated; philosophers have been notably skeptical about it. This volume provides the first book-length collection of responses by philosophers to Wakefield's harmful dysfunction analysis (HDA), offering a survey of philosophical critiques as well as extensive and detailed replies by Wakefield himself.
Table of Contents
Denis Forest and Luc Faucher
Wakefield Critiques: Introductory Comments xxix
I On Conceptual Analysis
1 DSM in the Light of HDA (and Conversely) 3
2 From Ribot and Dupré to Spitzer and RDoC: Does the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis Possess Historical Explanatory Power? Reply to Steeves Demazeux 27
3 Facts, Facts, Facts: HD Analysis Goes Factual 47
4 Do the Empirical Facts Support the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis? Reply to Luc Faucher 71
5 Against the Disorder/Nondisorder Dichotomy 97
Leen De Vreese
6 Do Clinicians Understand the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis of Mental Disorder? Reply to Leen De Vreese 109
7 Doing without “Disorder” in the Study of Psychopathology 123
8 Quinian Qualms, or Does Psychiatry Really Need the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis? Reply to Harold Kincaid 133
II The Demarcation Problem
9 Psychiatric Disorders and the Imperfect Community: A Nominalist HDA 157
10 Can a Nonessentialist Neo-Empiricist Analysis of Mental Disorder Replace the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis? Reply to Peter Zachar 177
III The Dysfunction Component
11 Is the Dysfunction Component of the “Harmful Dysfunction Analysis” Stipulative? 199
12 Is the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis Descriptive or Stipulative, and Is the HDA or BST the Better Naturalist Account of Dysfunction? Reply to Maël Lemoine 213
13 Function and Dysfunction 251
14 Can Causal Role Functions Yield Objective Judgments of Medical Dysfunction and Replace the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis’s Evolutionary Component? Reply to Dominic Murphy 267
15 Do the Works of Carl Craver or Marcel Weber Explain How Causal Role Functions Can Provide Objective Medical Judgments of Dysfunction? Supplementary Reply to Dominic Murphy 317
16 The Developmental Plasticity Challenge to Wakefield’s View 335
17 Does Developmental Plasticity Pose a Challenge to the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis? Reply to Justin Garson 353
18 Biological Function Hierarchies and Indeterminacy of Dysfunction: Supplementary Reply to Justin Garson 385
19 Harmful Dysfunction and the Science of Salience: Adaptations and Adaptationism 397
20 Are Cognitive Neuroscience and the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis Competitors or Allies? Reply to Philip Gerrans 415
21 Autistic Spectrum, Normal Variation, and Harmful Dysfunction
Denis Forest 433
22 Do the Challenges of Autism and Neurodiversity Pose an Objection to the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis? Reply to Denis Forest 449
23 Naturalism and Dysfunction 469
24 Is Indeterminacy of Biological Function an Objection to the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis? Reply to Tim Thornton 485
IV The Harmful Component
25 Harmless Dysfunctions and the Problem of Normal Variation
Andreas De Block and Jonathan Sholl 495
26 Can the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis Distinguish Problematic Normal Variation from Disorder? Reply to Andreas De Block and Jonathan Sholl 511
27 On Harm 537
28 Must Social Values Play a Role in the Harm Component of the Harmful Dysfunction Analysis? Reply to Rachel Cooper 553
29 Are There Naturally Selected Disorders? Supplementary Reply to Rachel Cooper 577
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