Fears and Symbols : An Introduction to the Study of Western Civilization

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Format: Hardcover
Pub. Date: 2001-02-01
Publisher(s): Central European Univ Pr
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Author Biography

Elemer Hankiss is Director of the Institute of Sociology of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and a Senior Scientist of The Gallup Organization. He is a former fellow of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Stanford

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements xv
Introduction 1(3)
Note 4(1)
Fear and the Social Sciences
5(42)
Fear
5(3)
The Paradox of Fear
6(2)
Sociology
8(8)
The Devil in the Indexes
8(2)
Durkheim
10(1)
Weber
11(1)
Parsons
12(3)
`Situational' versus `Existential' Fear
15(1)
Anthropology
16(10)
Theories of Culture
16(3)
The Genesis of Culture
19(5)
`Existential Problems'
24(2)
Psychology
26(8)
About Indexes Again
26(2)
Experimental Psychology
28(1)
Civilization and Fear
29(3)
Terror Management Theory
32(2)
Fear and Civilization
34(3)
Notes
37(10)
The World of Symbols
47(22)
Strategies
47(6)
The Promethean Strategy
47(1)
The Apollonian Strategy
48(2)
301,665,722 Angels
50(3)
Symbols, Myths, Civilizations
53(8)
`The Symbolic Animal'
54(1)
Defense Mechanisms
55(2)
`The Premature Animal'
57(1)
The Angel of Death
58(2)
The Social Enterprise of World Building
60(1)
Collapse and Regeneration
61(5)
The Copernican Shock
61(2)
Freedom and Anxiety
63(1)
The Loss of Symbols
64(2)
Notes
66(3)
An Alien World?
69(22)
The World
69(8)
And What about Us, Sir?
69(2)
Is This Our World?
71(2)
Incompatibilities
73(3)
Killing Fields
76(1)
Human Beings
77(4)
Dead-Ends
77(1)
Will Butterflies Survive Us?
78(1)
Do We Need Space Suits in New York or Rome?
79(1)
Pain and Suffering
80(1)
The Four Jungles
81(4)
The Physical Jungle
82(1)
The Social Jungle
82(1)
The Jungle in Our Souls
83(1)
The Metaphysical Jungle
84(1)
The Experience of the Alien World
85(2)
Notes
87(4)
The Garden of Eden
91(22)
The Myth of the Center
91(5)
On the Periphery
91(2)
A Revolution in Reverse
93(1)
Where Is the Center, If There Is One?
94(1)
God or Satan?
95(1)
Consecration
96(2)
Paradise
98(5)
The Fortress of Innocence
99(1)
Sacred Mountains
100(1)
From the Garden to the City
101(1)
The Cross of Christ and the Skull of Adam
102(1)
The Garden
103(5)
The Enchanted Garden
105(3)
Notes
108(5)
The Image of the World
113(24)
The House
113(3)
Imago mundi
114(2)
The City
116(3)
The City and the Wilderness
116(1)
The City and Its Archetypes
117(2)
The Temple and the Cathedral
119(5)
The Gate of Hell
119(2)
The Gate of Heaven
121(2)
Arabesque
123(1)
Light
124(1)
Chaos and Cosmos Today
124(10)
The World of Light and Shadow
124(1)
The Automobile
125(2)
The Shopping Mall
127(2)
Transcendental Carnival
129(2)
The Realm of the Devil
131(1)
The Negative Myth
132(2)
Notes
134(3)
The Moral Universe
137(20)
Amulets and Sacraments
137(3)
Exorcism
138(1)
Defilement and Purification
138(2)
Rationalization
140(6)
The Origins of Evil
140(1)
Pandora's Box
140(2)
Evil in the Bible
142(1)
Evil Does Not Exist
143(3)
Satan
146(5)
Evil Condensed
147(2)
God's Devil
149(1)
The Apocalypse
150(1)
The Transformation of Evil
151(3)
The Moral Universe
151(1)
Why Have We Forgotten the Victims?
152(2)
Notes
154(3)
The World of Guilt
157(24)
Guilt
157(4)
The Great Reversal
157(2)
The Price of Guilt
159(2)
The Religion of Guilt
161(3)
The Machinery of Guilt
161(1)
`A Pilgrim on Earth'
162(2)
The Philosophy of Guilt
164(1)
Guilt and the Human Condition
164(1)
The Politics of Guilt
165(6)
Show Trials
166(1)
Stigma
166(1)
Hidden Values
167(2)
Double Bind
169(1)
A Negative Social Contract
169(2)
The Psychology of Guilt
171(6)
Freud and Human Unhappiness
171(1)
Eros and Ananke
172(1)
Eros and Thanatos
173(2)
The `Boiling Cauldron' of Guilt
175(1)
`Guilt without Culture'
176(1)
An Innocent Society?
177(2)
Notes
179(2)
The Rational World
181(24)
Two Faces of Rationality
181(4)
War and Celestial Harmony
181(2)
Prometheus versus Apollo
183(2)
Reason and Meaning
185(7)
The Loss of Meaning
185(2)
`The Kingdom and the Darkness'
187(2)
The Meaning of Life
189(3)
Reason and Morality
192(3)
Reason and Uncertainty
195(6)
Discovery or Invention?
195(3)
`The Wisdom of Uncertainty'
198(1)
`The World Does Not Speak'
199(2)
Notes
201(4)
The World of Beauty
205(14)
Art
205(4)
Music
205(2)
Horror and Beauty
207(2)
Tragedy
209(7)
Why Did Oedipus Blind Himself?
209(2)
Romeo and Juliet and the Happy Ending
211(1)
Desdemona's Handkerchief
212(1)
Catharsis
213(3)
Notes
216(3)
The World of Play
219(26)
Homo ludens
219(9)
In a Strange Land
219(1)
`Under the Sign of Play'
220(1)
Not All Is Play
221(1)
`Don't Kiss the Engine, Daddy...'
222(2)
A World of Innocence
224(1)
Chance and Cherries
225(2)
The Paradox of Freedom
227(1)
Soccer
228(5)
Sacred Rules
228(1)
The Ball
229(1)
Dionysus versus Apollo
230(2)
American Football
232(1)
Play as World Symbol
233(7)
The Cosmic Ball Game
233(1)
God at Play
233(2)
Creation through Play
235(2)
The Loss of Play
237(2)
Frivolity and Ecstasy
239(1)
Appendix
240(2)
Notes
242(3)
The World of Jokes
245(16)
Jokes and Laughter
245(5)
Did Moses or Christ Ever Laugh?
245(1)
Are Jokes Trivial?
246(2)
Freud and Jokes
248(2)
The Comic Destruction of Reality
250(9)
The Destruction of Logic
251(2)
The Destruction of Causality
253(2)
A Clown's Leap into Freedom
255(1)
Flirting with the Alien World
256(2)
Laughter and Terror
258(1)
Notes
259(2)
The World of Trivialities
261(14)
Perfumes and the Holy Grail
261(2)
Creation and Plenitude
263(1)
Icarian Symbolism
264(1)
Transcendence
264(1)
Spirituality and Sensuality
265(1)
Sensuality and Love
266(1)
Escape from Time and Mortality
267(1)
Escape from Everyday Life
268(1)
The Epiphany of Personality
269(1)
Delusion or Creation?
270(1)
Notes
271(4)
Symbols and Civilization
275(8)
Can Symbols Protect Us?
276(1)
Constructs
277(2)
Civilization: A Brilliant Construct?
279(2)
Notes
281(2)
Bibliography 283(16)
Index 299

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