Health Care Informatics : An Interdisciplinary Approach

by
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2001-11-05
Publisher(s): Mosby
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Summary

Informatics the study of the use of computer hardware, software, systematic languages, and data manipulation to collect and apply information is united with health care in this new interdisciplinary textbook. It focuses on topics in informatics relevant to all fields of health care, in a textbook format complete with chapter outlines, objectives, key terms, and discussion questions. A unique online supplement complements the book to offer complete, electronic support for both instructors and students. Written by experts in health care informatics, this text provides a comprehensive overview of all the major concepts in informatics, discussing trends and innovative strategies from a contemporary, mainstream perspective.

Table of Contents

PART ONE FOUNDATIONS OF HEALTH CARE INFORMATICS 1(129)
Major Theories Supporting Health Care Informatics
3(26)
System Theory
5(5)
Information Theories
10(5)
Learning Theories
15(6)
Change Theories
21(8)
Computer, Information, and Health Care Informatics Literacy
29(26)
Information Literacy
30(11)
Computer Literacy
41(6)
Evaluating and Improving Literacy
47(2)
Applications of Professional Knowledge
49(6)
Understanding Databases
55(26)
Database Models
57(1)
Why Use a Database?
58(1)
Anatomy of Databases
58(1)
Physiology of Databases (Data Views and Data Manipulation)
59(5)
Overview of Database Features
64(1)
Obtaining the Answers to a Simple Question
65(2)
Relational Databases
67(3)
Overview of Planning a Relational Database
70(2)
Planning a Database for a Specific Situation
72(9)
Supporting Administrative Decision Making
81(34)
Overview of Administrative Decision Making and Decision Support
82(12)
What Is an Administrative Decision Support System?
94(2)
Survey of Administrative Decision Support Applications and Software
96(9)
Emerging Developments in Administrative Decision Support
105(10)
Supporting Clinical Decision Making
115(14)
Decision Making in Clinical Care
116(1)
Background of Decision Making and Knowledge Representation
117(4)
Decision Making in Clinical Settings
121(1)
Opportunities for New Approaches
122(2)
Using Knowledge Discovery in Large Data Sets for Clinical Decision Support System Development
124(2)
Requirements for Future Development of Clinical Decision Support Systems
126(3)
PART TWO HEALTH CARE INFORMATION SYSTEMS 129(102)
The Purpose, Structure, and Functions of Health Care Information Departments
131(16)
Structure of Health Care Information Departments
132(15)
Applications for Health Care Information Systems
147(14)
Systems Overview
148(2)
What Is a Health Care Information System?
150(1)
Data Handling
151(1)
Types of System Applications
152(5)
Information System Configuration
157(4)
Strategic and Tactical Planning for Health Care Information Systems
161(20)
Rationale
162(1)
Planning
163(14)
Automated Tools to Support Planning
177(4)
The Life Cycle of a Health Care Information System
181(28)
Strategic Information Plan
183(1)
Tactical Information Plan
184(1)
Principles of Project Management and Organization
184(4)
Methods of Selecting a Vendor Product
188(1)
Initial Search for Information
189(2)
System Selection Task Force
191(4)
Negotiation of the Contract
195(1)
Agreement on the Scope of the Project
195(2)
Finalization of Project Details
197(1)
Fast-Track Design-and-Build Methods
198(2)
Implementing the Project
200(4)
Product Evaluation Methods
204(1)
Maintenance
205(1)
Support of Ongoing Product Development
205(1)
A Decision to Change the Product
206(3)
Electronic Health Records
209(22)
The Electronic Health Record
210(1)
Need for the Electronic Health Record
211(1)
Historical Perspectives
212(4)
Functions and Features
216(1)
Costs and Benefits of Electronic Health Records
216(1)
eHealth, the Electronic Health Record, and the Internet
217(2)
Achieving the Vision: A Status Report
219(1)
Factors, Forces, and Issues Affecting the Adoption of the Electronic Health Record
220(7)
Electronic Health Record Research
227(4)
PART THREE USING TECHNOLOGY TO DELIVER HEALTH CARE AND EDUCATION 231(70)
Technological Approaches to Communication
233(34)
A Framework for Following Technology Trends
235(2)
Wringing Out the Old: The Static and Changing Roles of Traditional Technologies
237(9)
The Internet: How Data Networks Are Driving Communication
246(11)
Communications Integration: Bringing It All Together
257(10)
Technology and Distributed Education
267(18)
Societal Impetus to Use Technology in Education
269(1)
Access to Learning
270(1)
Role of the Teacher
271(1)
Uses of Technology
271(1)
Technology in the Classroom
272(1)
Tools for Teaching With Technology
272(4)
Technology in Distributed Education
276(1)
The World Wide Web as an Information Source
277(1)
Process for Helping Faculty to Adopt Technology as an Educational Strategy
277(2)
Quality of Internet-Based Distance Education
279(1)
Issues of Technology and Education
280(1)
Consumer Education
281(4)
eHealth Trends and Technologies: The Impact of the Internet on Health Care Providers and Patients
285(16)
Defining eHealth
286(1)
Internet Computing Standards
287(1)
eHealth's Emerging Sectors
288(2)
The Social and Economic Context for eHealth
290(2)
The Internet and Health Care Information Systems
292(2)
An eHealth Case Study: Doing Community-Wide Case Management on the Web
294(3)
Barriers and Challenges to and Concerns for eHealth
297(4)
PART FOUR THE IMPACT OF INFORMATICS ON THE SOCIOCULTURAL ENVIRONMENT OF HEALTH CARE 301(58)
The Impact of Health Care Informatics on the Organization
303(18)
Relevance of Theories About Organizations to Health Care Informatics
305(1)
Information Needs and Challenges in Today's Health Care Environment
306(3)
Advances in Health Care Informatics in the Clinical Area
309(3)
Changes in Professional Practice Due to Advances in Health Care Informatics
312(1)
Changes in Management Roles Due to Advances in Health Care Informatics
313(3)
Case Study: Design of a Clinical Information System Using Standardized Nursing Languages
316(5)
Human-Computer Interaction in Health Care Organizations
321(26)
Human-Computer Interaction
322(2)
Definitions of Terms
324(3)
A Framework for Human-Computer Interaction in Health Care Contexts
327(4)
Performing Usability Assessments
331(16)
The Implications of Information Technology for Research
347(12)
Locating Research Information
348(2)
The Internet and Health-Related Research
350(4)
Electronic Dissemination of Research Results: Sharing Results With Others
354(1)
Use of the Internet for Research
354(1)
Ethics of Online Research
355(1)
Sources of Information, Support, and Organizations for Informatics Research
356(1)
Current Research in Health Care Informatics
356(3)
PART FIVE INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT HEALTH CARE INFORMATICS 359(92)
Technical Standards Used in Health Care Informatics
361(34)
Standards Coordination and Promotion Activities
366(3)
Establishing International Standards
369(4)
Identifier Standards
373(3)
General Communications (Message Format) Standards
376(2)
Specific Communications Standards
378(4)
Content and Structure Standards
382(3)
Clinical Data Representation (Codes)
385(2)
Standards for Software Applications
387(1)
Telecommunications Standards
388(7)
Professional Health Care Informatics Standards
395(20)
The People Within a Health Care System
396(5)
The Content Within Health Care
401(8)
The Context of the Health Care System
409(6)
The Implications of Accreditation and Governmental Regulations for Health Care Informatics
415(22)
Accreditation and Certification
416(6)
Governmental Regulation
422(9)
Case Example
431(6)
Protection of Health Care Information
437(14)
Dimensions of Performance
438(2)
Transition From Paper to a Virtual Health Record
440(2)
Legal and Policy Implications
442(9)
PART SIX YESTERDAY, TODAY, AND TOMORROW 451(68)
The History of Health Care Informatics
453(26)
History and Development of Computing and Informatics in Health Care
456(15)
Historical Development of Educational Programs in Health Care Informatics
471(8)
The Future of Health Care Informatics Education
479(26)
Assumptions, Driving Forces, and Guiding Principles
480(11)
Future Educational Programs and Health Care Informatics
491(14)
Future Directions in Health Care Informatics
505(14)
What Is Futures Research?
506(2)
Purpose of Futures Studies
508(1)
Approaches for Predicting
508(2)
Trends Influencing Health Care Informatics
510(5)
Future Directions in Health Care Informatics
515(4)
Glossary 519

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