Introduction to Health Occupations : Today's Health Care Worker

by ;
Edition: 6th
Format: Hardcover
Pub. Date: 2004-01-01
Publisher(s): Prentice Hall
List Price: $92.80

Buy Used

In Stock
$5.39

Rent Textbook

Select for Price
There was a problem. Please try again later.

New Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

eTextbook

We're Sorry
Not Available

This item is being sold by an Individual Seller and will not ship from the Online Bookstore's warehouse. The Seller must confirm the order within two business days. If the Seller refuses to sell or fails to confirm within this time frame, then the order is cancelled.

Please be sure to read the Description offered by the Seller.

Summary

Providing both basic core knowledge as well as an overview of many health care professions, Introduction to Health Occupations is an ideal resource for students preparing for entry-level health occupation positions. A striking four-color design supports and enhances sound pedagogy covering precautions, OSHA, CLIA, HEDIS, disaster preparedness and AIDS. Features new to the sixth edition further strengthen instruction with exercises that include enhanced visual learning, team building, communication, multicultural competence and familiarity with new technology. Features Include: A Student CD-ROM with additional exercises and practice opportunities Corresponding Companion Website - www.prenhall.com/badasch - that offers further exercises as well as links to related resources New - "Learn by Doing" component at the end of each unit that increase hands-on opportunities New - procedure opening rationales that add clarity New - enhanced documentation exposure with charting examples for the procedures "Thinking Critically" segment in the chapter review that reinforces material New - group role-playing and participatory practice and activities Creation of a solid job-readiness file with the Portfolio Connection Clear chapter beginning and unit objectives as well as thorough end-of-chapter exercises and self-evaluation

Table of Contents

Procedures ix
Preface xiii
Acknowledgments xviii
About the Authors xix
The Parts of This Book xx
Part 1 Basic Knowledge and Skills 1(324)
Introduction to Being a Health Care Worker
2(16)
History of Health Care
2(8)
Early Beginnings
3(1)
Medicine in Ancient Times
3(1)
The Dark Ages (A.D. 400--800) and the Middle Ages (A.D. 800--1400)
4(1)
The Renaissance (A.D. 1350--1650)
4(1)
The Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
4(1)
The Eighteenth Century
5(1)
The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
5(2)
The Advancement of Nursing
7(1)
Patient Care Today
8(1)
A Look Back and an Overview of the Future
9(1)
Medical Ethics
9(1)
Summary
9(1)
Health Care Providers
10(8)
Types of Health Care Providers
10(2)
Government Agencies
12(1)
Volunteer Agencies
12(1)
Managed Care: Quality Care and Managed Costs
13(1)
Ambulatory Care
14(1)
Quality Health Care Costs and Payments
14(1)
Organization
15(1)
Major Services in Health Care
15(1)
Summary
16(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
17(1)
Finding the Right Occupation for You
18(40)
Career Search
18(3)
Interests
18(1)
Values
19(1)
Abilities
19(1)
Resources for Occupational Research
19(1)
How to Do a Career Search
20(1)
Developing a Vocational Portfolio
20(1)
Summary
20(1)
Overview of Careers
21(37)
Therapeutic Services
21(17)
Diagnostic Services
38(7)
Information Services
45(5)
Environmental Services
50(4)
Additional Health Care Areas
54(1)
Summary
55(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
56(2)
Medical Ethics and Law
58(16)
Ethical Roles and Responsibilities of a Health Care Worker
58(6)
Value Indicators
58(2)
Patient or Customer Satisfaction
60(3)
The Team Concept
63(1)
Summary
63(1)
Legal Roles and Responsibilities of a Health Care Worker
64(10)
Legal Responsibilities
64(5)
Confidentiality
69(1)
Policies and Procedures
70(1)
Summary
71(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
72(2)
Meeting Your Needs and the Needs of Others
74(24)
Holistic Health
74(3)
Health and Wellness
74(1)
Wellness and Preventive Health Care
75(1)
Jobs and Professions
75(1)
Summary
76(1)
Understanding Human Needs
77(10)
Meeting the Needs of Patients/Clients
77(7)
Pet-Facilitated Therapy
84(1)
Meeting the Needs of Co-Workers and Other Staff
85(1)
Defense Mechanisms
85(1)
Summary
86(1)
Cross-Cultural Terms and Principles
87(11)
Culture and Behavior
87(2)
Gestures and Body Language
89(3)
Communicating Effectively With People From Other Cultures
92(2)
Folk Medicine
94(2)
Summary
96(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
97(1)
Effective Communications
98(15)
Interpersonal Communication for All Ages
98(6)
Elements That Influence Your Relationships With Others
99(1)
Barriers to Communication
99(1)
Elements of Communication
100(1)
Good Listening Skills
100(1)
Assertive Communication
101(1)
Nonverbal Communication
101(1)
Verbal Communication
102(1)
Summary
103(1)
Charting and Observation
104(4)
Observation
104(1)
Reporting
105(1)
Documentation
105(2)
Confidentiality
107(1)
Jobs and Professions
107(1)
Computers in Health Care
108(5)
Computers in General
108(1)
Basic Computer Components
108(1)
Computers in Health Care
109(2)
Summary
111(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
112(1)
Medical Terminology
113(11)
Pronunciation, Word Elements, and Terms
113(6)
Introduction to Medical Terminology
113(1)
Pronunciation
114(1)
Forming Medical Terms From Word Elements
114(5)
Summary
119(1)
Medical Abbreviations
119(5)
Introduction to Abbreviations
120(1)
Summary
121(2)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
123(1)
Medical Math
124(17)
Math Review
124(8)
Introduction to the Math Review
124(1)
Numbers
125(1)
Addition
126(1)
Subtraction
127(1)
Multiplication
128(2)
Division
130(1)
Decimals, Percentages, and Fractions
131(1)
Summary
132(1)
The Metric System
132(4)
Using the Metric System
133(1)
Using the Metric System to Measure
134(1)
Changing Standard Measures to Metric Measures
134(2)
Summary
136(1)
The 24-Hour Clock/Military Time
136(5)
Introduction to the 24-Hour Clock/Military Time
137(1)
Summary
138(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
139(2)
Your Body and How It Functions
141(61)
Overview of the Body
141(9)
Introduction to the Body
141(8)
Jobs and Professions
149(1)
The Skeletal System
150(7)
Introduction to the Skeletal System
150(7)
Jobs and Professions
157(1)
The Muscular System
157(4)
Introduction to the Muscular System
158(2)
Common Disorders of the Muscular System
160(1)
Jobs and Professions
161(1)
The Circulatory System
161(6)
Introduction to the Circulatory System
162(3)
Common Disorders of the Circulatory System
165(2)
Jobs and Professions
167(1)
The Lymphatic System
167(3)
Introduction to the Lymphatic System
167(2)
Common Disorders of the Lymphatic System
169(1)
Jobs and Professions
170(1)
The Respiratory System
170(4)
Introduction to the Respiratory System
171(1)
Common Disorders of the Respiratory System
172(1)
Jobs and Professions
173(1)
The Digestive System
174(5)
Introduction to the Digestive System
175(3)
The Accessory Structures
178(1)
Jobs and Professions
178(1)
The Urinary System
179(4)
Introduction to the Urinary System
180(1)
Common Disorders of the Urinary System
181(2)
Jobs and Professions
183(1)
The Glandular Systems
183(3)
Introduction to the Glandular Systems
183(2)
Common Disorders of the Glandular System
185(1)
Jobs and Professions
185(1)
The Nervous System
186(6)
Introduction to the Nervous System
187(4)
Common Disorders of the Nervous System
191(1)
Jobs and Professions
192(1)
The Reproductive System
192(6)
Introduction to the Reproductive System
193(2)
Common Disorders of the Reproductive System
195(2)
Jobs and Professions
197(1)
The Integumentary System
198(4)
Introduction to the Integumentary System
198(1)
Common Disorders of the Integumentary System
199(1)
Jobs and Professions
200(1)
Summary
200(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
201(1)
Human Growth and Development
202(21)
Development and Behavior
202(6)
Development and Behavior
202(5)
Summary
207(1)
Aging and Role Change
208(3)
Physical Changes of Aging
208(1)
Role Changes in People Who Are Aging
209(1)
Summary
210(1)
Disabilities and Role Changes
211(7)
Definition of Health
211(1)
Importance of Independence
211(1)
Physical Disabilities
212(4)
Role Changes in People Who Are Physically or Mentally Challenged
216(1)
Summary
217(1)
End of Life Issues
218(5)
Terminal Illness
218(2)
Hospice Care
220(1)
Jobs and Professions
220(1)
Summary
220(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
221(2)
Nutrition
223(10)
Basic Nutrition
223(5)
Introduction to Basic Nutrition
223(4)
Summary
227(1)
Therapeutic Diets
228(5)
Introduction to Therapeutic Diets
228(3)
Summary
231(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
232(1)
Measuring Vital Signs
233(21)
Temperature, Pulse, and Respiration
233(14)
Introduction to Vital Signs
234(1)
Temperature
234(6)
Pulse
240(3)
Pulse Oximetry
243(1)
Respiration
244(2)
Recording Vital Signs
246(1)
Summary
246(1)
Blood Pressure
247(7)
Blood Pressure
247(4)
Palpating Blood Pressure
251(1)
Summary
251(2)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
253(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 11
Controlling Infection
254(19)
The Nature of Microorganisms
254(5)
Introduction to Microorganisms
254(3)
How Microorganisms Affect the Body
257(1)
How Microorganisms Spread
257(1)
Protection From Microorganisms
258(1)
Signs and Symptoms of Infection
258(1)
Summary
258(1)
Asepsis and Standard Precautions
259(6)
Introduction to Asepsis
259(1)
Standard Precautions
260(2)
Controlling the Spread of Infection
262(2)
Summary
264(1)
Transmission-Based Precautions
265(8)
Introduction to Transmission-Based Precautions
265(1)
Transmission-Based Precaution Rooms
266(3)
Transmission-Based Precautions
269(2)
Summary
271(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
272(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 12
Patient and Employee Safety
273(35)
General Safety and Injury and Illness Prevention
273(6)
OSHA Standards
274(3)
General Safety
277(2)
Summary
279(1)
Patient Safety
279(4)
Identifying the Patient
279(1)
Ambulation Devices
280(1)
Transporting Devices
280(1)
Postural Supports
280(2)
Side Rails
282(1)
Summary
282(1)
Disaster Preparedness
283(2)
Disaster Plan
283(1)
Fire Causes and Prevention
284(1)
Bioterrorism
284(1)
Summary
284(1)
Principles of Body Mechanics
285(3)
Body Mechanics
285(2)
Summary
287(1)
First Aid
288(20)
Introduction to First Aid
288(1)
General Principles of First Aid
289(1)
Life-Threatening Situations
289(11)
Non-Life-Threatening Situations
300(1)
Dressings and Bandages
301(5)
Summary
306(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
307(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 13
Employability and Leadership
308(17)
Job-Seeking Skills
308(7)
Finding a Job
308(1)
Your Vocational Portfolio
308(1)
Places to Seek Employment
308(2)
Ways to Contact an Employer
310(3)
Interview
313(2)
Summary
315(1)
Keeping a Job
315(3)
Responsibilities
316(1)
Summary
317(1)
Becoming a Professional Leader
318(7)
Membership in an Organization
318(3)
Professional Organizations
321(1)
Leadership
321(1)
Summary
322(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
323(2)
Part 2 Multidisciplinary Skills 325(390)
Nurse Assistant/Patient Caregiver
326(112)
Basic Care Skills/OBRA Standards/Long-Term Care
326(104)
Responsibilities of a Long-Term Care Nurse Assistant
327(2)
Admission
329(3)
Height and Weight
332(4)
Transfer
336(1)
Discharge
336(2)
Standard Precautions
338(1)
Morning and Evening Care (AM and PM Care)
338(3)
Skin Management
341(2)
Oral Hygiene
343(5)
Offering the Urinal and/or Bedpan
348(3)
Movement and Ambulation of the Resident
351(7)
Positioning and Body Alignment
358(6)
Range of Motion
364(4)
Bathing the Resident
368(10)
Care of Hair and Nails
378(2)
Shaving the Resident
380(2)
Dressing and Undressing the Resident
382(1)
Prosthetic Devices
382(1)
Bedmaking
382(6)
Feeding the Resident
388(6)
Measuring Intake and Output
394(4)
Special Procedures
398(9)
Incontinent Resident
407(5)
Specimen Collection
412(8)
Diabetes Mellitus
420(1)
Therapies
421(1)
Special Precautions
421(2)
Special Care Devices
423(5)
Terminal and Postmortem Care
428(2)
Advanced Roles/Sub-Acute Care
430(8)
Sub-Acute Care
430(1)
Responsibilities of a Sub-Acute Nurse Assistant
430(1)
Postoperative Care
431(1)
Wound Care and Observation
431(1)
How Wounds Heal
432(1)
Intravenous Therapy
433(1)
Tracheostomy Care
434(1)
Multiple Trauma and Head Injuries
434(3)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
437(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 15
Home Health Aide
438(13)
Responsibilities of a Home Health Aide
439(1)
Home Health Care Agencies
439(1)
Working With Clients in the Home
439(6)
Sterilization in the Home
445(1)
Maintaining a Clean Environment
445(2)
Safety in the Home
447(1)
Shopping and Planning for Meals
448(2)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
450(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 16
Electrocardiogram Technician
451(15)
Responsibilities of an EKG/ECG Technician
452(1)
Electrocardiograph
452(5)
Performing an EKG/ECG
457(3)
Artifacts
460(2)
Mounting the EKG/ECG
462(1)
Holter Monitoring
462(2)
Jobs and Professions
464(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
465(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 17
Laboratory Assistant/Medical Assistant Laboratory Skills; Phlebotomist
466(57)
Laboratory Skills
466(46)
Responsibilities of a Laboratory Assistant/Medical Assistant
467(1)
Laboratory Standards
468(3)
Laboratory Tests
471(2)
Laboratory Equipment
473(3)
Urinalysis
476(7)
Sputum Collection
483(1)
Stool Collection
484(2)
Laboratory Cultures
486(7)
Blood, Blood Composition, and Blood Testing
493(19)
Phlebotomist
512(11)
Responsibilities of a Phlebotomist
513(1)
About Blood
513(1)
Preparing to Draw Blood
514(1)
Drawing Blood
515(6)
Jobs and Professions
521(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
522(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 18
Physical Therapy Aide
523(16)
The Physical Therapy Department
524(1)
Responsibilities of a Physical Therapy Aide
524(1)
Preparing Patients/Clients for Therapy
524(4)
Guarding Techniques
528(2)
Exercising
530(1)
Rehabilitation Equipment
530(7)
Jobs and Professions
537(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
538(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 19
Central Supply/Central Processing Worker
539(11)
The Central Supply Department
540(1)
Responsibilities of a Central Supply Worker
540(1)
Standard Precautions
540(1)
Decontamination
540(2)
Preparation Area
542(4)
Sterilization
546(2)
Inventory and Distribution
548(1)
Jobs and Professions
548(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
549(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 20
Environmental Services Technician/Housekeeper
550(20)
Responsibilities of an EVS/Housekeeper
551(1)
Abbreviations
551(1)
Care and Cleaning of Equipment
552(2)
General Cleaning Duties
554(4)
Cleaning Rooms That Are Occupied by Patients
558(2)
Cleaning Unoccupied Rooms
560(4)
Cleaning Specialized Areas
564(1)
Cleaning Sterile Areas
565(1)
Cleaning Public Areas
566(1)
Maintaining the Linen Area
566(2)
Jobs and Professions
568(1)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
569(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 21
Health Information Technician
570(33)
Responsibilities of a Health Information Technician
571(1)
Customer Service
571(4)
Scheduling
575(5)
Registration
580(2)
Filing Systems
582(4)
Fees
586(1)
Billing
587(3)
Collections
590(1)
Bookkeeping
591(2)
Checks (Payable/Receivable)
593(1)
Payroll
593(6)
Petty Cash Fund
599(1)
Supplies
600(1)
Business Equipment
600(2)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
602(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 22
Clinical Medical Assistant
603(71)
Responsibilities of a Medical Assistant
604(1)
Taking Measurements
605(7)
Standard Precautions
612(1)
Assisting With Examinations
613(26)
Breast Self-Examination: A New Approach
639(2)
Pediatrics
641(1)
Minor Surgical Procedures
641(6)
Public Health Reporting
647(1)
Pharmacology and Medication Administration
647(22)
Immunity and Immunizations
669(4)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
673(1)
Procedures List for Chapter 23
Dental Assistant
674(41)
Responsibilities of a Dental Assistant
675(1)
Dental Specialties
675(1)
Introduction to Dentistry
676(1)
Odontology
676(1)
Introduction to the Teeth and Oral Cavity
676(3)
Anatomy of the Tooth
679(3)
Charting Conditions of the Teeth
682(8)
Dental Equipment
690(3)
Infection Control
693(2)
Basic Setup for Dental Procedures
695(1)
Basic Chairside Assisting Skills During Dental Treatment
695(1)
Oral Examination
696(4)
Oral Evacuation/Rinsing and Drying Techniques
700(2)
Study Models
702(5)
Assisting During Basic Restorative Procedures
707(1)
Oral Hygiene
707(1)
Teaching Oral Hygiene
707(2)
Dental Radiographs
709(4)
Chapter Review: Your Link to Success
713(2)
Procedures List for Chapter 24
Glossary 715(10)
Index 725

Excerpts

The increase in longevity and changes in the health care system create an increased need for educated and skilled health care workers. This need for health care workers is expected to continue its growth well into the twenty-first century. Gerontology, rehabilitation, ambulatory care, outpatient services, and managed care are expected to show the greatest growth. The occupations that service these high growth areas include: dental assistants, long-term care nursing assistants, nursing assistants with advanced skills, assistive personnel, home health care aides, medical assistants, laboratory assistants/phlebotomists, physical therapy aides, food service workers, environmental service workers, electrocardiogram technicians, and central supply/central processing workers. Demand for multidisciplinary health care workers is high due to the increasing need to provide appropriate care and customer service that meet patient/client needs and new budgetary restraints. These multiskilled workers may work under a variety of job titles ranging from Unlicensed Assistive Personnel to Assistive Caregivers to Patient Care Partners. Because preventive health is a key component in twenty-first century health care, preventive health care and patient teaching are emphasized throughout the text. The qualities and values required to become an outstanding health care worker are also interwoven throughout the text and learning system materials. All of the information in this textbook has been carefully reviewed and updated. New areas of emphasis address the continuing changes in healthcare, such as subacute care and assistive caregiving for acute care. A uniquelearning systemdivides the text into two parts. The first part, Basic Knowledge and Skills, chapters one through fourteen, includes the basic information all health care workers must have to work in any department within the health care environment. The second part, Multidisciplinary Skills, chapters fifteen through twenty-four, spans a variety of entry-level occupations. Students can select one occupational area or several occupational areas in Part Two, allowing them an opportunity to become a multiskilled health worker. Thislearning systemalso provides all areas of training required by the 1987 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA), it addresses the National Standards, and allows for state differences in curriculum and JACHO Standards such as age-specific communication. The changing requirements for health care presents educators and students alike with ever-changing challenges.Introduction to Health Occupations, Sixth Edition,helps meet the needs of not only the health care system, but all levels of students, from secondary and postsecondary to English as a second language (ESL) students. New to the Sixth Edition New features have been added to strengthen student instruction with more practice in hands-on exercises and enhanced visual learning, team building, communication, multicultural competence and familiarity with new technology. These features Provide auditory learners with anaudio glossaryon thefree CD-ROM and the Companion Website ( www.prenhall.com/badasch ) Increase hands-on opportunities with a new"Learn by Doing"component at the end of each unit Help visual learners withnew tables, charts and boxes Add clarity by opening every procedure with arationale Give enhanced documentation exposure withcharting examples Enhance the "Thinking Critically" segment at the end of each chapter with new kinds of activities, including those related topatient satisfaction, patient advocacy, time management, and safety Strengthen portfolios by adding a"Portfolio Tip"at the end of every chapter Broaden the scope of activities away from written reports and towardgr

An electronic version of this book is available through VitalSource.

This book is viewable on PC, Mac, iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, and most smartphones.

By purchasing, you will be able to view this book online, as well as download it, for the chosen number of days.

A downloadable version of this book is available through the eCampus Reader or compatible Adobe readers.

Applications are available on iOS, Android, PC, Mac, and Windows Mobile platforms.

Please view the compatibility matrix prior to purchase.