Keeping the Peace : Lasting Solutions to Ethnic Conflicts

Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2002-01-30
Publisher(s): Johns Hopkins Univ Pr
List Price: $28.95

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What strategies can a government use to end violent ethnic conflicts in the long term? Under what conditions do these strategies work best, and what are their limitations? Are there some ethnic conflicts that governments simply cannot solve? Drawing on an intimate knowledge of the Middle East as well as the experiences of trouble spots in Asia, Africa, and Europe, political scientist and RAND analyst Daniel Byman examines how government policies can affect -- and, in some cases, prevent -- the recurrence of violent ethnic conflict. Byman identifies and describes five key strategies: coercing groups and leaders, coopting key elites, changing group identities, implementing power sharing systems, and partitioning states. After weighing the strengths and weaknesses of each of these internal solutions, he also considers the benefits and risks of outside intervention. But Byman's prescription is tempered with realism. "Even under the best circumstances," he concludes, "no single strategy is sufficient to keep the peace after a bloody ethnic war. Only the optimal combination of multiple strategies, implemented in the proper sequence, will ensure success."

Author Biography

Daniel L. Byman is a policy analyst with the RAND Corporation and the research director of RAND's Center for Middle East Public Policy. He is the co-author of The Dynamics of Coercive Force: American Foreign Policy and the Limits of Military Might.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Ethnic Conflict in Today's Worldp. 1
Causes of Ethnic Conflictp. 13
Control Policiesp. 44
Co-optationp. 81
Manipulating Ethnic Identitiesp. 100
Participatory Systemsp. 125
The Promise and Perils of Partitionp. 154
Military Intervention in Ethnic Conflictp. 177
Dilemmas and Choicesp. 213
Notesp. 227
Bibliographyp. 253
Indexp. 269
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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