A Modern History of Japan From Tokugawa Times to the Present

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Edition: 4th
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2019-07-05
Publisher(s): Oxford University Press
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Summary

A Modern History of Japan: From Tokugawa Times to the Present, Fourth Edition, paints a richly nuanced and strikingly original portrait of the last two centuries of Japanese history. It takes students from the days of the shogunate--the feudal overlordship of the Tokugawa family--through the modernizing revolution launched by midlevel samurai in the late nineteenth century; the adoption of Western hairstyles, clothing, and military organization; and the nation's first experiments with mass democracy after World War I. Author Andrew Gordon offers the finest synthesis to date of Japan's passage through militarism, World War II, the American occupation, and the subsequent economic rollercoaster.

Author Biography


Andrew Gordon is Lee and Juliet Folger Fund Professor of History at Harvard University.

Table of Contents


Maps, Tables, and Figures
Preface
Introduction: Enduring Imprints of the Longer Past
PART 1. CRISIS OF THE TOKUGAWA REGIME
1. The Tokugawa Polity
Unification
The Tokugawa Political Settlements
The Daimyo
The Imperial Institution
The Samurai
Villagers and City-Dwellers
The Margins of the Japanese and Japan
2. Social and Economic Transformations
The Seventeenth-Century Boom
Riddles of Stagnation and Vitality
3. The Intellectual World of Late Tokugawa
Ideological Foundations of the Tokugawa Regime
Cultural Diversity and Contradictions
Reform, Critiques, and Insurgent Ideas
4. The Overthrow of the Tokugawa
The Western Powers and the Unequal Treaties
The Crumbling of Tokugawa Rule
Politics of Terror and Accommodation
Bakufu Revival, the Satsuma-Choshu Insurgency, and Domestic Unrest
PART 2. MODERN REVOLUTION, 1868-1905
5. The Samurai Revolution
Programs of Nationalist Revolution
Political Unification and Central Bureaucracy
Eliminating the Status System
The Conscript Army
Compulsory Education
The Monarch at the Center
Building a Rich Country
Stances toward the World
6. Participation and Protest
Political Discourse and Contention
Movement for Freedom and People's Rights
Samurai Rebellions, Peasant Uprisings, and New Religions
Participation for Women
Treaty Revision and Domestic Politics
The Meiji Constitution
7. Social, Economic, Environmental, and Cultural Transformations
Landlords and Tenants
Industrial Revolution
The Workforce and Labor Conditions
Spread of Mass and Higher Education
Culture and Religion
Affirming Japanese Identity and Destiny
8. Empire and Domestic Order
The Trajectory to Empire
Contexts of Empire, Capitalism, and Nation-Building
The Turbulent World of Diet Politics
The Era of Popular Protest
Engineering Nationalism
PART 3. IMPERIAL JAPAN FROM ASCENDANCE TO ASHES
9. Economy and Society
Wartime Boom and Postwar Bust
Landlords, Tenants, and Rural Life
City Life: Middle and Working Classes
Cultural Responses to Social Change
10. Democracy and Empire between the World Wars
The Emergence of Party Cabinets
The Structure of Parliamentary Government
Ideological Challenges
Strategies of Imperial Democratic Rule
Japan, Asia, and the Western Powers
11. The Depression Crisis and Responses
Economic and Social Crisis
Breaking the Impasse: New Departures Abroad
Toward a New Social and Economic Order
Toward a New Political Order
12. Japan in Wartime
Wider War in China
Toward Pearl Harbor
The Pacific War
Mobilizing the Nation for War
Living in the Shadow of War
Ending the War
Burdens and Legacies of War
13. Occupied Japan: New Departures and Durable Structures
Bearing the Unbearable
The American Agenda: Demilitarize and Democratize
Japanese Responses
The Reverse Course
Toward Recovery and Independence: Another Unequal Treaty?
PART 4. POSTWAR AND CONTEMPORARY JAPAN, 1952-2012
14. Economic and Social Transformations
The Postwar "Economic Miracle"
Transwar Patterns of Community, Family, School, and Work
Shared Experiences and Standardized Lifeways of the Postwar Era
Differences Enduring and Realigned
Managing Social Stability and Change
Images and Ideologies of Social Stability and Change
15. Political Struggles and Settlements of the High-Growth Era
Political Struggles
The Politics of Accommodation
Global Connections: Oil Crisis and the End of High Growth
16. Global Power in a Polarized World: Japan in the 1980s
New Roles in the World and New Tensions
Economy: Thriving through the Oil Crises
Politics: The Conservative Heyday
Society and Culture in the Exuberant Eighties
17. Japan's "Lost Decades": 1990s-2000s
The End of Showa
The Specter of a Divided Society
Economy of the first "Lost Decade"
The Fall and Rise of the Liberal Democratic Party
Assessing Reforms, Explaining Recovery
Between Asia and the West
18. Shock, Disaster, and the End of the Hesei Era: Beyond the 'Lost Decades'?
The Lehman Shock
Politics of Hope and Disillusionment
Making Sense of the Perception of Decline
The Disasters of "3.11" and their Aftermath
Appendix: Prime Ministers of Japan, 1885-2012
Notes
Select Bibliography
Index

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