Motor Control and Learning : A Behavioral Emphasis

Edition: 4th
Format: Hardcover
Pub. Date: 2005-01-31
Publisher(s): Human Kinetics
List Price: $87.00

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Expanded and completely updated, the fourth edition of Motor Control and Learning: A Behavioral Emphasisis a comprehensive introduction to motor behavior. The authoritative text frames the important issues, theories, persons, and research in the field in a reader-friendly way, allowing students to learn the most pertinent information in the field.Motor Control and Learning: A Behavioral Emphasis, Fourth Edition,is the only graduate textbook that combines motor control and motor learning with the in-depth details students need in order to understand the topic and distinguish between different sides of an issue. Authored by two of the leading researchers in the field, the new edition features an up-to-date review of the latest research, more than 400 new references, new figures, and these new features:-Highlight boxes featuring in-depth discussion of relevant issues, new topics, and classic research-Selected quotes representing important contributions to the field, interpreted for current and future researchers-Web-based references that support and enhance students'comprehension of the material Motor Control and Learning: A Behavioral Emphasis, Fourth Edition,is the only text that focuses specifically on the motor learning and motor control areas of motor behavior. The new features and ancillaries make it ideal for students to use as a text and for professionals to access as a reference.Part Iintroduces the fields of motor control and learning. It provides a brief history; explains the tools of motor behavior research; presents the information-processing approach, which is fundamental to understanding how humans think and act; and describes how attention influences motor behavior.Part IIaddresses various factors contributing to the complex whole of the human motor system. It examines the roles of sensory information and the ways in which information from the environment influences movement behavior, considers the central control and representation of action, deals with laws and models regarding speed and accuracy, looks at the coordination needed for more complex tasks, and addresses factors that make people differ in their skilled behaviors.Part IIIaddresses performance changes that accompany motor learning. It describes the research methods used for studying and measuring motor learning, discusses the effects of various conditions under which a learner can practice motor skills, considers the effects of providing augmented information about what was done, and examines the empirical relationships and principles concerned with the retention and transfer of motor skills.

Table of Contents

Preface v
Part I Introduction to Motor Behavior
Evolution of a Field of Study
Understanding Movement
Origins of the Field
Methodology for Studying Motor Performance
Classification of Motor Skills
Basic Considerations in Measurement
Measuring Motor Behavior
Measuring and Evaluating Relationships
Human Information Processing
The Information-Processing Model
Three Stages of Information Processing
Signal Detection Theory
Attention and Performance
Types of Attention
Theories of Attention
Attention and Patterns of Interference Among Tasks
Attention and Interference During Movement
Cell Phones, Attention, and Driving
Directed Attention in Action
Attention, Arousal, and Anxiety
Part II Motor Control
Sensory Contributions to Motor Control
Closed-Loop Control Systems
Proprioception and Motor Control
Feedforward Influences on Motor Control
Central Contributions to Motor Control
Open-Loop Processes
Central Control Mechanisms
Central Control of Rapid Movements
Motor Program Issues
Generalized Motor Programs
Principles of Speed and Accuracy
Fitts' Law: The Logarithmic Speed--Accuracy Trade-Off
The Linear Speed-Accuracy Trade-Off
The Temporal Speed--Accuracy Trade-Off
Central Contributions to the Speed--Accuracy Trade-Off
Correction Models of the Speed--Accuracy Trade-Off
Discrete Tasks
Continuous Tasks
Individual Differences and Capabilities
Experimental Versus Differential Approaches
Individual-Difference Variables
Part III Motor Learning
Motor Learning Concepts and Research Methods
Motor Learning Defined
Measuring Motor Learning
Designing Experiments on Learning
Alternative Methods for Measuring Learning
Issues About the ``Amount'' of Learning
Understanding Learning and Performance Variables
Conditions of Practice
The Power Law of Practice
Prepractice Considerations
Distribution of Practice
Variability of Practice
Scheduling Practice With Several Different Tasks
Mental Practice
Part Versus Whole Practice
Principles of Practice Specificity
Augmented Feedback
Classifications and Definitions
Research on Augmented Feedback
Evaluating the Effects of Augmented Feedback
Knowledge of Performance
Knowledge of Results
Theoretical Issues: How Does Augmented Feedback ``Work''?
The Learning Process
Characteristics of the Learning Process
Two Theories of Motor Learning
Differing Theoretical Perspectives of Motor Learning
Retention and Transfer
Fundamental Distinctions and Definitions
Measuring Retention and Transfer
Retention and Motor Memory
Retention Loss
Transfer of Learning
Appendix 461(1)
Glossary 462(8)
Credits 470(6)
References 476(46)
Author Index 522(8)
Subject Index 530(7)
About the Authors 537

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