Powers A Study in Metaphysics

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Format: Hardcover
Pub. Date: 2003-05-22
Publisher(s): Clarendon Press
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Summary

This is a fresh new look for the 2007 edition of the Oxford SchoolDictionary. This authoritative dictionary is a comprehensive school dictionarywith its 45,000 words and phrases in alphabetical order. Each entry containsclear numbered meanings, word classes, inflections, easy pronunciation guides,supporting example sentences and notes to help with using the words accurately.There are word origins for all root words. Guidewords at the top of each pageand the full alphabet with a tab on the letter of the page make it very easy tonavigate; the page design is clear and straightforward. There is a friendly anduseful guide to using the dictionary dealing with FAQs such as, What do you usea dictionary for? How do I find the words I want? Also useful are the prefixes,suffixes and words and phrases from around the world that are given in full atthe back.

Table of Contents

Introduction: George Molnar and Powers 1(19)
Stephen Mumford
POWERS
19(205)
George Molnar
The Elements (I): Properties
21(26)
Foundations
21(1)
Properties Are Tropes
22(3)
Selective Realism about Properties
25(3)
Predicates and properties are not isomorphic
25(2)
Dispositional predicates and power properties are not isomorphic
27(1)
Distinctions
28(19)
Derivative-basic
28(2)
First order-higher order
30(3)
Simple-complex
33(4)
Essential-necessary-accidental
37(2)
Extrinsic-intrinsic
39(4)
Transferable-non-transferable
43(4)
The Elements (II): On What There Is
47(13)
Objects as Bundles of Properties
47(4)
Foundationism about Relations
51(3)
The Status of States of Affairs
54(3)
Introduction to the Theory of Powers
57(3)
Directedness
60(22)
Directedness
60(1)
The Brentano Thesis
61(1)
What Is Intentionality?
62(1)
Parallels between Psychological Intentionality and Physical Intentionality
63(3)
Objections to Physical Intentionality
66(16)
Impossible intentional objects
66(2)
Unique intentional objects
68(2)
The threat of panpsychism
70(1)
A deluge of necessities
71(1)
Intentionality and meaning
71(10)
Summary: The intentionality of powers
81(1)
Independence
82(17)
Is there a Problem about Unmanifesting Powers?
82(1)
Independence and the Conditional Analysis of Powers
83(11)
Naive conditional analysis
84(5)
Causal conditional analysis
89(3)
A reformed conditional analysis
92(2)
Anti-realism about Unmanifesting Powers
94(5)
What is Megaric Actualism?
94(1)
The case against Megaric Actualism
95(4)
Actuality
99(3)
Intrinsicality
102(9)
Boyle on the Relational Nature of Capacities
102(3)
Popperian Propensities
105(3)
Are there Any Extrinsic Powers?
108(3)
Objectivity
111(14)
What Is Objectivity?
111(2)
Anthropocentricism in the Analysis of Powers
113(12)
Hume's anti-objectivism
113(3)
Hume's argument against strong connections: Exposition
116(5)
Hume's argument against strong connections: Evaluation
121(4)
Do Powers Need Grounds?
125(18)
The Thesis that Powers Need Grounds
125(1)
Motivations for the Thesis
125(2)
Weak motives
125(1)
Strong motives
126(1)
Prior, Pargetter, and Jackson's Argument for a Causal Base
127(4)
The Missing Base
131(6)
The problem of the missing base
131(1)
Responses to the problem
132(1)
Evaluating the responses
133(4)
What if There Are Ungrounded Powers?
137(6)
The double standard
137(3)
Truncating functionalism?
140(1)
Acceptance
141(2)
The Ontology of Powers
143(15)
Derivative Powers and Basic Powers
143(5)
What is derivation?
143(3)
Consequences of derivation
146(2)
Theories of the Ontology of Powers---a Taxonomy and an Interim Evaluation
148(10)
Dualism of pure types
149(1)
Dual-sided theory
149(4)
Pan-dispositionalism
153(1)
Categoricalism
154(1)
Neutral monism
154(4)
Non-Powers
158(15)
Two Questions
158(1)
Properties that Are not Powers
158(4)
The Causal Relevance of Non-Powers
162(2)
How Can Properties that Are not Powers be Causally Relevant?
164(2)
Alternative Theories of Non-Powers
166(7)
Occurrent properties
166(1)
Manifest properties
167(1)
Actual properties
168(1)
Scientific properties
168(1)
Properties that do not entail conditionals
169(1)
Spatio-temporal properties
169(4)
Objections Considered
173(13)
Two Major Objections
173(1)
`Always packing, never travelling'
173(8)
What makes the regress vicious: Space occupancy?
174(2)
What makes the regress vicious: Conditionals?
176(1)
What makes the regress vicious: Lack of qualities?
177(2)
Moderate dispositionalism
179(1)
Dispositionalism reassessed
180(1)
Humean Distinctness
181(5)
Powers at Work
186(38)
Towards a Dispositional Theory of Causation
187(13)
On defining `cause'
188(2)
The contested characteristics of causation
190(4)
Effects are polygenic; manifestations are not
194(4)
Single-track versus multi-track powers?
198(1)
Laws of nature
199(1)
Summary
199(1)
Modality
200(24)
The options: Reductionism versus eliminativism versus primitivism
200(2)
Reductionism (I): Combinatorial theories
202(13)
Reductionism (2): Stark realism about worlds (Lewis)
215(4)
Eliminativism: The regularity theory of logical truths
219(4)
Conclusion
223(1)
References 224(9)
Index 233

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