Race and Ethnic Relations : 1999-2000 Edition

Edition: 9th
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 1999-03-01
Publisher(s): McGraw-Hill College
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Table of Contents

To the Reader iv
Topic Guide 2(2)
Selected World Wide Web Sites 4(2)
UNIT 1 Race and Ethnicity in the American Legal Tradition
Overview 6(26)
Dred Scott v. Sandford
This case concerned Dred Scott, a slave who was taken by his owner to a free state, where he lived for several years until he was again taken back into a slave state. Dred Scott filed suit, claiming that because he had lived in a free state, he had lost his status as a slave. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Dred Scott was still a slave and that the U.S. Constitution did not protect African Americans---neither those free nor those held as slaves.
Racial Restrictions in the Law of Citizenship
Ian F. Haney Lopez
This article traces the legal history of naturalization and its relationship to consciousness of color in the development of the definitions and legal norms that affected American citizenship.
Brown et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka et al.
In Brown v. Board of Education, the U.S. Supreme Court began to dismantle state-supported segregation of the nation's schools. In this landmark opinion, the court overturned Plessy v. Ferguson, which had legitimized racial segregation of public facilities. The Court ruled that ``in the field of public education, the doctrine of `separate but equal' has no place,'' for ``separate education facilities are inherently unequal.''
Retreat into Legalism: The Little Rock School Desegregation Case in Historic Perspective
David L. Kirp
David Kirp traces the years of struggle that began with Brown v. Board of Education and details the shift from the high purpose of ending segregation to the retreat of judicial activism and public concern. He focuses on the ``back to the future'' anomaly of segregation and the absence of contemporary attention to this issue.
Is Affirmative Action Doomed?
Ronald Dworkin
Ronald Dworkin traces the historic lines of judicial argument as he develops another case in favor of the constitutionality of affirmative action.
UNIT 2 Immigration and the American Experience
Overview 32(26)
Migrations to the Thirteen British North American Colonies, 1770-1775: New Estimates
Aaron Fogleman
Aaron Fogelman, using a new method, attempts to document the ethnic texture of immigration in the eighteenth century. In so doing, he adds important information to earlier efforts at understanding the dimensions of colonial pluralism.
The New Immigrants
Charles S. Clark
There has been a dramatic impact of immigrants in modern America, an impact that affects both the new arrivals and the long-time residents.
Newcomers and Established Residents
Robert L. Bach
This pioneering fieldwork within the new enclave cultures of America and the practical prescription for local-level attention and self-help initiatives provide policy insights. Derived from rarely accessible glimpses into the worlds of meaning within specific ethnic communities, such true-to-experience research helps to overcome the mistaken generalizations that foster stereotypical images of immigrant groups.
UNIT 3 Indigenous Ethnic Groups
Overview 58(18)
12th Session of UN Working Group on Indigenous Peoples
Glenn T. Morris
This report on the United Nations' structures, debate, and unresolved questions regarding the rights of indigenous peoples, as well as the role of the U.S. government in shaping issues of self-determination, indicates new horizons for the current politics of conflict resolution among peoples and states.
In a Judicial `What If,' Indians Revisit a Case
William Glaberson
William Glaberson's report of the reargument of Cherokee v. Georgia by Native American lawyers at the University of Kansas School of Law illustrates the foundational and embedded character of contemporary group relations.
American Indians in the 1990s
Dan Fost
Evidence suggests that a growing number of Americans are identifying with Indian culture. Mainstream appetites for ethnic culture, the development of businesses on reservations, and the urge to ``go home'' among middle-class Indians point to trends for the 1990s.
Scarlet Flower Poisons a Culture
Kirk Semple
Baltimore Sun
Kirk Semple's account of indigenous people and their relationship to cash crops reveals the archetypical pattern of the intersection of large markets and local cultures.
UNIT 4 Hispanic/Latino Americans
Overview 76(28)
Specific Hispanics
Morton Winsberg
Morton Winsberg reports on the stereotypical groups that fall within the Hispanic category. Cultural and market differentiations create a quilt of many colors with the various ethnicities that are labeled Hispanic/Latino American.
Hardliners v. ``Dialogueros'': Cuban Exile Political Groups and United States-Cuba Policy
Maria Cristina Garcia
Maria Garcia's account provides a view from within the Cuban American community regarding a foreign policy issue that is central to its existence. In addition, it offers other Americans a perspective on the role of exiles and ethnic advocacy.
A Balancing Act
Jerry Berrios
Jerry Berrios's six profiles of Hispanic/Latino women and their routes to the executive suites of corporate life provide interesting case studies related to affirmative action and the glass ceiling as well as to the tensions between community and corporate culture and the universality of personal determination and tireless work.
Tickled Brown
Valerie Menard
Valerie Menard's account of the emergence into the mainstream of comedic entertainment based on Latino material raises the discussion of ethnic culture to a level that has frequently reached flash-point intensity. Laughing ``at'' and laughing ``with'' and laughing ``within'' a culture each define more than aesthetic boundaries. Each measures thresholds of pain, security, and trust that even a specialized and focused magazine may not be equipped to do well.
UNIT 5 African Americans
Overview 104(26)
10 Most Dramatic Events in African-American History
Lerone Bennett Jr.
This article recounts meaningful episodes of American history that constitute the popular tradition of African Americans. Here are 10 distinctive stories profiling the shared memory of experiences that define the special sense of peoplehood of this ethnic group.
In the Loop
Ann Scale
Ann Scales's account of the pivotal significance of African Americans to the Clinton crisis reveal perspectives that are rarely articulated in mainstream press reports.
Test Link Jefferson, Slave's Son: DNA Study Suggests a Monticello Liaison
Leef Smith
These articles on DNA findings that establish Jefferson's relationship with a slave, Sally Hemings, prompt the renewed discussion of foundational racism in America.
Understanding Integration: Why Blacks and Whites Must Come Together as Americans
Gerald Early
Gerald Early's essay traces the development and decline of the concept and strategy contained in the approach to racial harmony embedded in the word integration. He argues that reclaiming our understanding of this aspiration is an important feature of fashioning a usable past from which renewed common purpose may emerge.
The Truth about the Voting Rights Act
Kevin Merida
The rumor that Congress plans to repeal the Voting Rights Act in 2007 is misguided. The Internet was the main vehicle for spreading the rumor, which outraged black citizens, who thought they were going to lose their right to vote.
Building a Model of Black Affluence
John H. Morris Jr.
Charles G. Tildon Jr.
This article explores issues of leadership and responsibility related to economic success and intellectual capacity.
UNIT 6 Asian Americans
Overview 130(16)
Misperceived Minorities: `Good' and `Bad' Stereotypes Saddle Hispanics and Asian Americans
Pamela Constable
These articles and data explore and expose the mutual perceptions about group relations that are the building blocks of attitudes and behaviors from which learning and change begin.
The Challenge for U.S. Asians in the Year 2000
E. San Juan Jr.
The challenge addressed by E. San Juan regarding Asians in the year 2000 intersects the national conversation on race initated by President Clinton. It invites us to share another perspective and paradigm that has particular salience for Asians.
Trapped on a Pedestal
Thea Lee
The author is primarily interested in addressing the misguided title ``model minority'' that is often applied to Asian immigrants. This label ignores the differences found among the immigrant community and the poverty endured by many recent Asian immigrants. Thea Lee explores the dehumanizing and potentially dangerous effects of this label.
A Boroughful of Bookworms
Blaine Harden
Blaine Harden's article highlights immigrants' use of libraries in Queens, N.Y., and models a remarkable connection of this public facility to the interests of various ethnic communities.
Why They Excel
Fox Butterfield
Fox Butterfield presents a collection of stories of Asian Americans who have succeeded in school in the United States. The author attempts to explain this success as a result of traditional values that emphasize obligation to the family, thus producing guilt, which leads to increased effort and academic excellence. The author feels that this success is related more to motivation than to innate superiority.
UNIT 7 Mediterranean and Eastern European Americans
Overview 146(14)
Italian Americans as a Cognizable Racial Group
Dominic R. Massaro
Dominic Massaro provides an account of the Italian American struggle to ensure full participation under and full protection of the law that supports guarantees for ethnic education and cultural rights.
If Names Could Kill: My Name May Be Gambino, But a Notorious Mobster I'm Not
Erica-Lynn Gambino
Erica-Lynn Gambino's father wrote the pioneering serious account of Italian Americans and their ordeals in an alien world, entitled Blood of My Blood. This piece revives and addresses the issue of image and stereotype that Italian Americans are confronting in various ways.
The Blind Spot of Multiculturalism: America's Invisible Literature
Werner Sollors
Werner Sollors proposes widening the horizon of literary studies by the inclusion of ignored, but interesting, works of ethnic American writers.
Greek-Americans in the Political Life of the United States
John Brademas
This reflection on the engagement of Greek Americans in politics provides thoughtful direction and reveals the personal and public bonds that exist within the thicket created by ethnic claims, the demands of integrity and intelligence, and the crises of the moment that invite political action.
UNIT 8 The Ethnic Legacy
Overview 160(16)
Ghosts and Ruins along the Mississippi
Michael Frank
Michael Frank's reflections on the remnants of the pre-Civil War South, its landmarks, and its mentalities remain foundational to this regional America culture and our struggle to find meaning in change, development, and the persistant echoes of the past that enchant us.
Burden of Truth: Edward Ball's Search for His Family's Slave-Owning Past
Lynne Duke
This article explores a personal family history. In so doing, it raises a thicket of questions about race relations and the untold legacy of slaveholders and slaves that hovers in the memories of many and in the texture of American history.
The Unbearable Whiteness of Being: They're Not Proud. They're Not Even Loud. A Race Rally of a Different Color
Karl Vick
Karl Vick's report on the Second National Conference on Whiteness evidences the remarkable fluidity and intellectual invention that is fueled by the apparent demand for new cultural articulations, interpretations, and symbols of meaning.
UNIT 9 The Ethnic Factor: Challenges for the 1990s
Overview 176(16)
Belonging in the West
Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad
Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad's article focuses on the multiple challenges that arise from the ever-growing interaction and cohabitation of Muslim communities within Western societies. She sheds light on the religious and ethnic dimensions that are emerging at the intersection of Muslim concerns and the secular societies into which they are migrating.
Ethnicity: An African Predicament
Francis M. Deng
Francis Deng's panoramic view of Africa and its plethora of ethnicities addresses models of nationbuilding as well as the recognition that ethnic culture provides a sense of direction and purpose that simplistic linear models of modernization have neglected.
Security's Bitter Fruit: An Urge to Fight
Serge Schmemann
Serge Schmemann analyzes the causes of division between secular and religious Jewish traditions and their political impact and meaning.
Ethnicity Is No Excuse for Espionage
E. V. Kontorovich
The issue of ethnoreligious/national alliance and loyalty addressed in this op-ed took on particular meaning when it was interjected into the renewal of the Middle East peace process.
UNIT 10 Understanding Cultural Pluralism
Overview 192(33)
The Geometer of Race
Stephen Jay Gould
This is a lucid account of the origins of the eighteenth-century scientific climate of thought and the disastrous shift in the method and mode of explanation that contributed to the racial misunderstandings that plague us today. The article reveals an important feature of theory construction derived from insight into the history and philosophy of science.
Color Blind
Ellis Cose
This article and its recommendations for approaches to overcoming the obstacles to relationships among ethnic groups suggests that much more remains to be done. This clarification of the agenda is the first step toward constructive and measurable development.
``How Much Truth Can We Take?''
L. Gregory Jones
This account of the Commission on Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa and the leadership of Archbishop Desmond Tutu indicates a path and also the perils of overcoming racism.
The End of the Rainbow
Michael Lind
The strategy of rainbow liberalism assumes that conservatism would not appeal to nonwhite Americans and affirmative action and high levels of immigration would not produce tensions among the multiracial rainbow's constituents. Both of the assumptions have proven to be wrong.
American Ethnicities and the Politics of Inclusion, and Not Quite So Welcome Anymore
John A. Kromkowski
Bruce W. Nelan
These data provide three matrices of ethnicity and ancestry in America---national and regional self-identification, foreign-born by region and country, and measures of opinion and religious data that are not collected by the U.S. Census.
Index 225(3)
Article Review Form 228(1)
Article Rating Form 229

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