Reading American Horizons Primary Sources for U.S. History in a Global Context, Volume II: Since 1865

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Edition: 4th
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2020-09-15
Publisher(s): Oxford University Press
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Summary

Designed to accompany American Horizons: U.S. History in a Global Context, Fourth Edition, this two-volume sourcebook provides a diverse set of documents that situate U.S. History within a global context. Covering political, social, and cultural history, the nearly 200 selections--including many visual documents--will spark discussion in the classroom and give students a deeper understanding of America's history. Robust pedagogy--including a general introduction on how to read primary sources and a headnote and reading questions for each document--makes the sources more accessible to students. The fourth edition features twenty-five new primary sources (ten visual, fifteen textual) that offer a more expansive and inclusive picture of the global influences that affected the U.S., and vice versa.

Author Biography


Michael Schaller is Regents Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Arizona, where he has taught since 1974. His areas of specialization include U.S. international and East Asian relations and the resurgence of conservatism in late 20th-century America.

Janette Thomas Greenwood is Professor of History at Clark University. She specializes in African American history and history of the U.S. South.

Andrew Kirk is Professor and Chair of History at University of Nevada, Las Vegas. He specializes in the history of the U.S. West and environmental history.

Sarah J. Purcell is L. F. Parker Professor of History at Grinnell College. She specializes in the early national period, antebellum United States, popular culture, politics, gender, and military history.

Aaron Sheehan-Dean is the Fred C. Frey Professor at Louisiana State University. He specializes in the antebellum United States and the U.S. Civil War.

Christina Snyder is the McCabe Greer Professor of History at The Pennsylvania State University. She researches colonialism, race, and slavery, with a focus on Native North America from the pre-contact era through the nineteenth century.

Table of Contents


HOW TO READ A PRIMARY SOURCE
PREFACE

CHAPTER 15: Reconstructing America, 1865 to 1877
15.1 Jourdon Anderson, Letter to P.H. Anderson (August 7, 1865)
15.2 Visual Document: And Not This Man?
15.3 Mississippi Black Codes (1865)
15.4 Georges Clemenceau, Excerpt from American Reconstruction, 1865-1870, and the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson (1867)
15.5 Testimony of Elias Hill, Ku Klux Klan Hearings (1871)
15.6 North Carolina Sharecropping Contract (July 21, 1882)

CHAPTER 16: Forging a Transcontinental Nation, 1877 to 1900
16.1 Frank H. Mayer with Charles B. Roth, The Buffalo Harvest
16.2 John Wesley Powell, Excerpts from Report on the Lands of the Arid Region (1879)
16.3 Southern Workman and Hampton School Record and Edna Dean Proctor, "Columbia's Roll Call" (June 1892) and "The Indians' Appeal" (January 1892)
16.4 Visual Document: Reading the Images of Chinese Labor

CHAPTER 17: A New Industrial and Labor Order, 1877 to 1900
17.1 Emma E. Brown, Excerpts from "Children's Labor: A Problem" (December 1880)
17.2 Andrew Carnegie, "Gospel of Wealth" (June 1889)
17.3 Visual Documents: The Pullman Strike: Two Political Cartoons (1894)
17.4 Two Views of the Homestead Lockout: Excerpts from The Manufacturer and Builder (August 1892) and New England Magazine (September 1892)

CHAPTER 18: Cities, Immigrants, Culture, and Politics, 1877 to 1900
18.1 Competing Visions of the U.S. and Immigration through Poetry
18.2 Visual Document: "The Only One Barred Out," from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, April 1, 1882
18.3 Wiktorya and Antoni Osinkski, Excerpts from Letters from Poland to Children Who Migrated to the United States (1902-8)
18.4 "Tenement Life in New York" (1879)

CHAPTER 19: The United States Expands its Reach, 1892 to 1912
19.1 Visual Document: "The Rough Riders" (Puck, July 27, 1898)
19.2 Excerpts from Andrew Carnegie, "Distant Possessions" (August 1898) and Albert Beveridge, "The March of the Flag" (September 16, 1898)
19.3 Visual Document: Untitled Clifford Berryman Cartoon (1899)
19.4 Richmond Planet and Wisconsin Weekly Advocate, Excerpts from Letters from African American Soldiers in the Philippines (1899-1900)

CHAPTER 20: An Age of Progressive Reform, 1890 to 1920
20.1 Congressman George H. White, Excerpts from Farewell Address to Congress (January 29, 1901)
20.2 Visual Documents: Suffrage and Antisuffrage Posters (c. 1915)
20.3 Emily P. Bissell, "[A] Talk to Women on the Suffrage Question" (1909)
20.4 Eugene V. Debs, Speech in Canton, Ohio (1918)

CHAPTER 21: America and the Great War, 1914 to 1920
21.1 Visual Documents: Propaganda Posters (1914-1918)
21.2 Committee on Public Information, "General Suggestions to Speakers" (May 22, 1917) and "Speech by a Four Minute Man" (October 8, 1917)
21.3 Theodore Roosevelt, "The Hun within Our Gates" (1917)
21.4 Ho Chi Minh (Nguyen Ai Quoc), Petition to Woodrow Wilson (1919)
21.5 W.E.B. DuBois, "Returning Soldiers," (1919)
21.6 U.S. Army, Intelligence Test, Alpha (1921)

CHAPTER 22: A New Era, 1920 to 1930
22.1 Visual Document: Automobile Advertisement (1920)
22.2 Ellison Durant Smith, Excerpts from "'Shut the Door': A Senator Speaks for Immigration Restriction" (April 9, 1924)
22.3 Ku Klux Klan, Excerpts from the Klan Manual (1925)
22.4 Charles Merz, "When the Movies Go Abroad," Excerpt (January 1926)

CHAPTER 23: A New Deal for Americans, 1931 to 1939
23.1 Visual Document: "Handbill of Veterans March to Washington" (1932)
23.2 E.J. Sullivan, The 1932nd Psalm (1932)
23.3 U.S. Congress, Excerpts from the National Labor Relations Act (1935)
23.4 Visual Document: "Join the March . . . to Old Age Security" Poster (1936)
23.5 Visual Documents: Dorothea Lange, Photographs of Migratory Workers in California (1936-1939)
23.6 Two Letters (1936)

CHAPTER 24: Arsenal of Democracy: The World at War, 1931 to 1945
24.1 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill, the Atlantic Charter (1941)
24.2 Visual Document: Japanese Attack on Shanghai (1937)
24.3 Eleanor Roosevelt, Excerpt from "Race, Religion, and Prejudice" (May 11, 1942)
24.4 Visual Document: Women Workers Groom Lines of Transparent Noses for Deadly A-20 Attack Bombers (1942)
24.5 A. Phillip Randolph, "Why Should We March?" (1943)
24.6 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Excerpt from "An Economic Bill of Rights" (January 11, 1944)

CHAPTER 25: Prosperity and Liberty Under the Shadow of the Bomb, 1945 to 1952
25.1 Exhibiting the Enola Gay
25.2 Visual Document: Braceros Entering the U.S. (1942)
25.3 Frieda S. Miller, "What's Become of Rosie the Riveter?" (May 5, 1946)
25.4 W.E.B. DuBois, Excerpts from "An Appeal to the World" (1947)

CHAPTER 26: The Dynamic 1950s, 1950 to 1959
26.1 Billy Graham, Excerpts from a Re-envisioning of Jonathan Edwards's "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" for the Cold War Generation (1949)
26.2 Visual Documents: March of Dimes Fundraising Poster and Image of Iron Lungs in Gym (1950s)
26.3 Dwight D. Eisenhower, Address to Congress on the Interstate Highway System (February 22, 1955)
26.4 Kwame Nkrumah, Excerpt from a Speech Delivered to the Council on Foreign Relations (1958)

CHAPTER 27: The Optimism and the Anguish of the 1960s, 1960 to 1969
27.1 Ho Chi Minh, Excerpts from Declaration of Independence (1945)
27.2 Visual Document: David Levine, "Vietnam: The Turning Point" (May 12, 1966)
27.3 Senator Sam Ervin, Comments on Watergate (1973)
27.4 Visual Document: Herblock, Nixon Hanging between the Tapes in The Washington Post (May 24, 1974)

CHAPTER 28: The Vietnam Era, 1961 to 1975
28.1 Students for a Democratic Society, The Port Huron Statement (1962) and an Appeal to Students (1964)
28.2 Sargent Shriver, "Job Corps Costs" (1965)
28.3 Playboy Magazine, "Playboy Interview: Timothy Leary--a Casual Conversation" (1966)
28.4 Visual Document: Timothy Leary and Eldridge Cleaver in Algerian Exile (1970)
28.5 Visual Document: Associated Press, Black Power Protest at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics (1968)
28.6 Cesar Chavez, Speech at Harvard University (1970)

CHAPTER 29: Conservatism Resurgent, 1973 to 1988
29.1 Phyllis Schlafly, "The Power of Positive Women" (1977)
29.2 Jimmy Carter, "A Crisis of the American Spirit" (1979)
29.3 Jerry Falwell, "Listen, America" (1981)
29.4 Ronald Reagan, "Speech to the National Association of Evangelicals" (1983)
29.5 Visual Document: Ronbo

CHAPTER 30: After the Cold War, 1988 to 2001
30.1 Robert Reich, The Work of Nations (1991)
30.2 Joseph Perkins, "Op-ed" (October 21, 1994) and The New York Times, "Why Proposition 187 Won't Work" (November 20, 1994)
30.3 Daniel S. Morrow, Interview with Steve Jobs (1995)
30.4 President Clinton, Excerpts from "The Era of Big Government is Over" (January 23, 1996)
30.5 The Economist, "The End?" (February 11, 1999)

CHAPTER 31: 21st Century Dangers and Promises, 2001 to Present
31.1 Al Qaeda, Fatwa against the United States (February 23, 1998)
31.2 Kenneth Adelman, "Cakewalk in Iraq" (February 13, 2002)
31.3 Justice John Paul Stevens, Excerpts from Hamdan v. Rumsfeld (June 29, 2006)
31.4 Pope John Paul II, Robert and Mary Schindler, Judge George Greer, and the Florida Court of Appeals: Opinions on Terri Shiavo and the Right to Die (2000s)
31.5 Text of President Obama's Speech in Hiroshima, Japan, May 2016
31.6 Excerpts from Donald J. Trump's Inugural Address (January 20, 2017)

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