Sources of Chinese Tradition, Vol. 2: From 1600 Through the Twentieth Century

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Edition: 2nd
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2001-03-01
Publisher(s): INGRAM
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Summary

-- Yingshih YĆ¼, Gordon Wu 1958 Professor of Chinese Studies and professor of history, Princeton University

Author Biography

Wm. Theodore de Bary is John Mitchell Mason Professor Emeritus and Provost Emeritus at Columbia University, and Director of the Heyman Center for the Humanities. He has written extensively on Confucianism in East Asia, and is coeditor of the first edition of Sources of Chinese Tradition, as well as Sources of Japanese Tradition and Sources of Korean Tradition. Richard Lufrano is associate professor of Chinese history at the College of Staten Island and the author of Honorable Merchants: Commerce and Self-Cultivation in Late Imperial China.

Table of Contents

Explanatory Note xvii
PART FIVE The Maturation of Chinese Civilization and New Challenges to Chinese Tradition 1(230)
The Chinese Tradition in Retrospect
3(70)
Huang Zongxi's Critique of the Chinese Dynastic System
4(14)
Waiting for the Dawn: A Plan for the Prince
6(12)
Lu Liuliang's Radical Orthodoxy
18(8)
Commentaries on the Four Books
19(7)
Late Confucian Scholarship: Wang Fuzhi
26(9)
Ian MacMorran
Cosmological Foundations
28(1)
Wang's ``Revision'' of Orthodox Neo-Confucianism
29(1)
Historical Trends
30(2)
The Justification of Social and Cultural Divisions
32(2)
The Preservation of Chinese Political and Cultural Integrity
34(1)
Gu Yanwu, Beacon of Qing Scholarship
35(6)
Tru Learning: Broad Knowledge and a Sense of Shame
36(2)
Preface to Record of the Search for Antiquities
38(1)
On the Concentration of Authority at Court
38(1)
On Bureaucratic Local Administration, ca. 1660
39(2)
William Rowe
The Han Learning and Text Criticism
41(25)
Dai Zhen and Zhang Xuecheng
44(1)
Lynn Struve
Dai Zhen's Text-Critical Moral Philosophy
44(2)
L. Struve
Letter in Shi Zhongming Concerning Scholarship
46(2)
L. Struve
Letter in Reply to Advanced Scholar Peng Yunchu
48(4)
John Ewell
Zhang Xuecheng's Philosophy of History
52(1)
L. Struve
``Virtue in the Historian''
53(2)
``Virtue in the Writer''
55(2)
Women's Learning
57(3)
Susan Mann
Cui Shu and the Critical Spirit
60(1)
Foreword to the Essentials of the Record of Beliefs Investigated
61(2)
Han Learning and Western Learning
63(3)
The Qing Version of Neo-Confucian Orthodoxy
66(7)
Village Lectures and the Sacred Edict
70(1)
The Sacred Edict
71(2)
Popular Values and Beliefs
73(69)
David Johnson
Ensemble Performance
74(44)
Ritual
75(1)
A Procession on the Birthday of the Sanzong God
76(3)
The Great Sai Ritual of Zhangzi County, Shanxi
79(2)
The Refining Fire Ritual of Shenze Village, Zhejiang
81(5)
The Attack on Hell, a Popular Funeral Ritual
86(6)
John Lagerwey
Opera
92(3)
Mulian Rescues His Mother
95(10)
Guo Ju Buries His Son
105(13)
Solo Performance
118(15)
Verse
118(1)
``Woman Huang Explicates the Diamond Sutra''
118(4)
``Song of Guo Mountain''
122(2)
Prose
124(1)
Sacred Edict Lecturing
125(1)
Chantefable
126(1)
The Precious Scroll [Baojuan] on the Lord of the Stove
126(7)
Written Texts
133(9)
Scriptures
134(1)
The True Scripture of the Great Emperor
135(3)
Tracts
138(1)
Selections from The Twenty-four Exemplars of Filial Piety
138(4)
Chinese Responses to Early Christian Contacts
142(13)
David Mungello
Li Zhizao: Preface to The True Meaning of the Lord of Heaven
144(3)
Xu Guangqi: A Memorial in Defense of the [Western] Teaching
147(3)
Yang Guangxian's Critique of Christianity
150(2)
Yang Guangxian: I Cannot Do Otherwise (Budeyi)
150(2)
John D. Young
Zhang Xingyao and the Inculturation of Christianity
152(3)
An Examination of the Similarities and Differences Between the Lord of Heaven Teaching [Christianity] and the Teaching of the Confucian Scholars
153(2)
Chinese Statecraft and the Opening of China to the West
155(58)
Chen Hongmou and Mid-Qing Statecraft
156(12)
William Rowe
On Substantive Learning
157(3)
On Universal Education
160(1)
On Women's Education
161(1)
On the Duties of an Official
162(5)
On Governance by Local Elites
167(1)
Statecraft in the Grain Trade and Government-Controlled Brokerages
168(4)
Pierre-Etienne Will
A Memorial on Grain Prices, the Grain Trade, and Government-Controlled Brokerages
169(3)
Hong Liangji: On Imperial Malfeasance and China's Population Problem
172(7)
K.C. Liu
Letter to Prince Cheng Earnestly Discussing the Political Affairs of the Time, 1799
172(2)
China's Population Problem
174(2)
The Deterioration of Local Government
176(2)
The Roots of Rebellion
178(1)
Gong Zizhen's Reformist Vision
179(5)
K.C. Liu
On the Lack of Moral Fiber Among Scholar-Officials
180(1)
Institutional Paralysis and the Need for Reform
181(2)
The Scholar-Teacher and Service to a Dynasty
183(1)
Respect for the Guest
183(1)
Wei Yuan and Confucian Practicality
184(14)
K.C. Liu
The Learning of Statecraft
184(1)
Wei Yuan: Preface to Anthology of Qing Statecraft Writings
185(1)
Huangchao Jingshi Wenbian
Criteria for Anthology of Qing Statecraft Writings
186(2)
Learning and the Role of Scholar-Officials
188(1)
On Governance
188(4)
Philip Kuhn
The Pursuit of Profit
192(2)
On Institutional Progress in History
194(2)
On Merchants and Reform
196(1)
On Taxation and the Merchants
196(1)
On Reform of the Tribute-Rice Transport System, 1825
197(1)
On Reform of the Salt Monopoly
197(1)
The Western Intrusion Into China
198(8)
The Lesson of Lin Zexu
201(1)
Letter to the English Ruler
202(3)
Letter to Wu Zixu on the Need for Western Guns and Ships
205(1)
Wei Yuan and the West
206(7)
Preface to Military History of the Qing Dynasty
207(2)
Shengwu Jixu
K.C. Liu
Preface to Illustrated Gazetteer of the Maritime Countries
209(4)
Haiguo Tuzhi
The Heavenly Kingdom of the Taipings
213(18)
The Book of Heavenly Commandments
218(3)
Tiantiao Shu
A Primer in Verse
221(2)
Youxue Shi
The Taiping Economic Program
223(8)
The Principles of the Heavenly Nature
226(5)
Tianqing Daolishu
PART SIX Reform and Revolution 231(252)
Moderate Reform and the Self-Strengthening Movement
233(17)
K.C. Liu
Feng Guifen: On the Manufacture of Foreign Weapons
235(2)
On the Adoption of Western Learning
237(3)
Zeng Guofan and Li Hongzhang: On Sending Young Men Abroad to Study
240(2)
Xue Fucheng: On Reform
242(2)
Zhang Zhidong: Exhortation to Learn
244(6)
Radical Reform at the End of the Qing
250(64)
Wang Tao on Reform
251(3)
Yan Fu on Evolution and Progress
254(6)
Don Price
``On Strength''
256(4)
Kang Youwei and the Reform Movement
260(13)
Confucius As a Reformer
266(1)
The Three Ages
267(2)
The Need for Reforming Institutions
269(1)
The Grand Commonality
270(3)
Conservative Reactions
273(7)
Chester Tan
Chu Chengbo: Reforming Men's Minds Comes Before Reforming Institutions
275(1)
Zhu Yixin: Fourth Letter in Reply to Kang Youwei
276(2)
Ye Dehui: The Superiority of China and Confucianism
278(2)
Tan Sitong
280(4)
The Study of Humanity
281(3)
Reform Edict of January 29, 1901
284(3)
Douglas Reynolds
Liang Qichao
287(15)
Renewing the People
288(5)
``The Consciousness of Rights''
293(2)
Peter Zarrow
``The Concept of the Nation''
295(3)
P. Zarrow
Liang Qichao and the New Press
298(2)
Joan Judge
Inaugural Statement for the Eastern Times
300(2)
Shibao
J. Judge
Advocates of Script Reform
302(6)
Victor Mair
Song Shu: Illiteracy in China
303(1)
Lu Zhuangzhang's Attempt at Romanization
304(1)
Shen Xue's Universal Script
305(2)
Wang Zhao's ``Mandarin Letters''
307(1)
Zhang Binglin's Revolutionary Nationalism
308(6)
P. Zarrow
Letter Opposing Kang Youwei's Views on Revolution
309(5)
The Nationalist Revolution
314(37)
Sun Yat-sen and the Nationalist Revolution
314(2)
Hu Hanmin
316(4)
``The Six Principles of the People's Report''
316(4)
Sun Yat-sen
320(10)
The Three People's Principles
320(3)
The Principles of Democracy
323(3)
The People's Livelihood
326(2)
The Three Stages of Revolution
328(2)
Democracy and Absolutism: The Debate Over Political Tutelage
330(7)
Luo Longji: What Kind of Political System Do We Want?
331(3)
Jiang Tingfu: ``Revolution and Absolutism''
334(2)
Hu Shi: ``National Reconstruction and Absolutism''
336(1)
Chiang Kai-shek: Nationalism and Traditionalism
337(10)
Chiang Kai-shek: Essentials of the New Life Movement
340(4)
China's Destiny
344(3)
Jiang Jingguo (Chiang Ching-kuo): The Republic of China in Taiwan
347(4)
The Evolution of Constitutional Democracy in Taiwan
348(1)
Implementing ``The Three People's Principles''
349(2)
The New Culture Movement
351(45)
Wing-Tsit Chan
The Attack on Confucianism
352(4)
Chen Duxiu: ``The Way of Confucius and Modern Life''
353(3)
The Literary Revolution
356(8)
Hu Shi: ``A Preliminary Discussion of Literary Reform''
357(3)
Chen Duxiu: ``On Literary Revolution''
360(1)
Hu Shi: ``Constructive Literary Revolution -- A Literature of National Speech''
361(3)
The Doubting of Antiquity
364(2)
Gu Jiegang: Preface to Debates on Ancient History (1926)
364(2)
A New Philosophy of Life
366(4)
Chen Duxiu: The True Meaning of Life
366(2)
Hu Shi: ``Pragmatism''
368(2)
The Debate on Science and the Philosophy of Life
370(7)
Zhang Junmai: ``The Philosophy of Life''
370(2)
Ding Wenjiang: ``Metaphysics and Science''
372(2)
Wu Zhihui: ``A New Concept of the Universe and Life Based on a New Belief''
374(1)
Hu Shi: Science and Philosophy of Life
375(2)
The Controversy Over Chinese and Western Cultures
377(12)
Liang Qichao: ``Travel Impressions from Europe''
378(1)
Liang Shuming: Chinese Civilization vis-a-vis Eastern and Western Philosophies
379(3)
Reconstructing the Community
382(4)
Hu Shi: Our Attitude Toward Modern Western Civilization
386(1)
Sa Mengwu, He Bingsong, and Others: ``Declaration for Cultural Construction on a Chinese Basis''
387(1)
Hu Shi: Criticism of the ``Declaration for Cultural Construction on a Chinese Basis''
388(1)
Radical Critiques of Traditional Society
389(7)
Peter Zarrow
He Zhen: ``What Women Should Know About Communism''
389(3)
Women's Revenge
392(2)
Han Yi: ``Destroying the Family''
394(2)
The Communist Revolution
396(30)
The Seedbed of the Communist Revolution: The Peasantry and the Anarcho-Communist Movement
399(7)
Peter Zarrow
Liu Shipei: ``Anarchist Revolution and Peasant Revolution''
400(4)
Li Dazhao: The Victory of Bolshevism
404(2)
Mao's Revolutionary Doctrine
406(20)
``Report on an Investigation of the Human Peasant Movement''
406(5)
``The Question of Land Redistribution''
411(1)
The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party
412(5)
The Mass Line
417(1)
On New Democracy
418
The Dictatorship of the People's Democracy
123(303)
Chinese Communist Praxis
426(24)
Liu Shaoqi: How to Be a Good Communist
427(5)
Mao Zedong: The Rectification Campaign
432(18)
Report of the Propaganda Bureau of the Central Committee on the Zhengfeng Reform Movement, April 1942
432(2)
Wang Shiwei: ``Wild Lily''
434(1)
Liu Shaoqi: ``On Inner-Party Struggle''
435(4)
Mao Zedong: ``Combat Liberalism''
439(2)
Mao Zedong: ``On Art and Literature''
441(3)
Wang Shiwei: ``Political Leaders, Artists''
444(2)
Ding Ling: ``Thoughts on March 8, 1942''
446(4)
The Mao Regime
450(33)
Establishment of the People's Republic
450(8)
Mao Zedong: ``Learning to One Side''
452(1)
Mao Zedong: ``Stalin Is Our Commander''
453(1)
Guo Moruo: Ode to Stalin -- ``Long Live Stalin'' on His Seventieth Birthday, 1949
454(1)
Chao-ying Fang
Ji Yun: ``How China Proceeds with the Task of Industrialization'' (1953)
455(1)
Li Fuqun: ``Report on the First Five-Year Plan for Development of the National Economy of the People's Republic of China in 1953-1957, July 5 and 6, 1955''
456(2)
Changes in Mid-Course
458(16)
Mao Zedong: ``The Question of Agricultural Cooperation, ''July 31, 1955
458(1)
Mao Zedong: ``On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People''
459(5)
Liu Binyan: ``A Higher Kind of Loyalty''
464(1)
Intellectual Opinions from the Hundred Flowers Period
465(3)
Mao Zedong: Remarks at the Beidaihe Conference, August 1958
468(1)
Peng Dehuai: ``Letter of Opinion'' to Mao Zedong on the Great Leap Forward, July 1959
469(2)
Wu Han: ``Hai Rui Scolds the Emperor, ''June 19, 1959
471(3)
The Cultural Revolution
474(9)
The Sixteen Points: Guidelines for the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution
474(1)
Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong
475(2)
``What Have Song Shuo, Lu Ping, and Peng Peiyun Done in the Cultural Revolution?''
477(1)
Red Guard Memoirs
478(1)
Wang Xizhe, Li Zhengtian, Chen Yiyang, Guo Hongzhi: ``The Li Yi Zhe Poster,'' November 1974
479(4)
PART SEVEN The Return to Stability and Tradition 483(102)
Deng's ``Modernization'' and Its Critics
485(42)
R. Lufrano
The Turn to Stability and Modernization
487(9)
Zhou Enlai: ``Report on the Work of the Government,'' delivered on January 13, 1975, at the First Session of the Fourth National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China
487(1)
Communique of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, December 22, 1978
488(3)
Yu Qiuli: ``The Relationship Between Politics and Economics''
491(1)
``Uphold the Four Basic Principles, '' Speech by Deng Xiaoping, March 30, 1979
492(1)
``Building Socialist Spiritual Civilization, ''Letter From Li Chang, Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, to a Member of the Party Central Committee, December 1980
493(1)
Office of the CCP Dehong Dai Nationality and Qingbo Autonomous Zhou Committee: ``Several Questions in Strengthening and Perfecting the Job Responsibility Systems of Agricultural Production,'' November 7, 1980
494(2)
Early Critiques of the Deng Regime
496(11)
Publication Statement, Beijing Spring Magazine, January 1979
496(1)
Wei Jingsheng: The Fifth Modernization--Democracy, 1978
497(3)
Kristina Torgeson
Democracy or New Dictatorship, Exploration, March 1979
500(1)
Wall Poster from the April Fifth Forum
501(1)
Hu Ping: ``On Freedom of Speech,'' Written for His Successful 1980 Campaign to Become Beijing University's Delegate to the Haidian District People's Assembly
502(1)
Wang Ruoshui: ``Discussing the Question of Alienation''
503(2)
Wang Ruoshui: ``In Defense of Humanism''
505(2)
Assessing the New Policies
507(5)
Deng Xiaoping: ``Build Socialism with Chinese Characteristics''
507(3)
Chen Yun: Speech Given at the Chinese Communist National Representative Conference, September 23, 1985
510(2)
New Demands for Change and Democracy
512(8)
Fang Lizhi: Democracy, Reform, and Modernization
512(4)
Fang Lizhi: ``Reform and Intellectuals,'' Talk Given in 1986
516(1)
Fang Lizhi: ``The Social Responsibility of Today's Intellectuals,'' Speech Given at Beijing University, November 4,1985
516(1)
Li Xiaojiang: ``Awakening of Women's Consciousness''
517(3)
The New Authoritarianism
520(7)
Wu Jiaziang: ``An Outline for Studying the New Authoritarianism,'' May 1989
520(2)
Rong Jian: ``Does China Need an Authoritarian Political System in the Course of Modernization?,'' May 1989
522(1)
Yan Jiaqi: ``How China Can Become Prosperous''
523(4)
Twentieth-Century Christianity in China
527(18)
Julia Ching
Ma Xiangbo
528(5)
Religion and the State
530(1)
Ruth Hayhoe
Religion and Culture
531(2)
R. Hayhoe
Zhao Zichen
533(3)
``Present-Day Religious Thought and Life in China''
534(1)
Leadership and Citizenship Training
535(1)
Wu Yaozong
536(4)
``The Present-Day Tragedy of Christianity''
537(2)
``The Reformation of Christianity''
539(1)
The Christian Manifesto
539(1)
Wang Mingdao
540(1)
``We, Because of Faith''
540(1)
Wu Jingxiong: Christianity and Chinese Tradition
541(4)
``Beyond East and West''
542(1)
``The Lotus and the Mud''
543(2)
Reopening the Debate on Chinese Tradition
545(40)
The New Confucians
545(13)
Xiong Shili
547(3)
Tu Weiming
Manifesto for a Reappraisal of Sinology and the Reconstruction of Chinese Culture
550(8)
Mou Zongsan's Confucian Philosophy
558(6)
John Berthrong
The Sensitivity and Steadfastness of Humaneness (ren)
558(3)
Feng Youlan: ``China--An Ancient Nation with a New Mission''
561(3)
The Continuing Critique of Tradition
564(21)
Bo Yang: ``The Ugly Chinaman''
565(3)
Sun Longji: ``The Deep Structure of Chinese Culture''
568(2)
Su Xiaokang and Wang Luxiang: ``River Elegy,'' a Television Documentary
570(4)
Li Zehou: ``A Revaluation of Confucianism''
574(7)
Woei Lien Chong
Gu Mu: Confucianism as the Essence of Chinese Tradition
581(4)
Bibliography 585(10)
Index 595

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