The U.S. War with Mexico A Brief History with Documents

Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2007-12-12
Publisher(s): Bedford/St. Martin's
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The U.S. war with Mexico was a pivotal event in American history, it set crucial wartime precedents and served as a precursor for the impending Civil War. With a powerful introduction and rich collection of documents, Ernesto Chvez makes a convincing case that as an expansionist war, the U.S.-Mexico conflict set a new standard for the acquisition of foreign territory through war. Equally important, the war racialized the enemy, and in so doing accentuated the nature of whiteness and white male citizenship in the U.S., especially as it related to conquered Mexicans, Indians, slaves, and even women. The war, along with ongoing westward expansion, heightened public debates in the North and South about slavery and its place in newly-acquired territories. In addition, Chvez shows how the political, economic and social development of each nation played a critical role in the path to war and its ultimate outcome. Both official and popular documents offer the events leading up to the war, the politics surrounding it, popular sentiment in both countries about it, and the war's long-term impact on the future development and direction of these two nations. Headnotes, a chronology, maps and a selected bibliography enrich student understanding of this important historical moment.

Author Biography

ERNESTO CHAVEZ (Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles) is Associate Professor of History at the University of Texas at El Paso. Dr. Ch‡vez’s research interests center on the Mexican and Mexican American past. His first book, Mi Raza Primero! (My People First): Nationalism, Identity, and Insurgency in the Chicano Movement in Los Angeles, 1966-1978, was published in 2002 and focused on the rise of the Chicano movement in this California city. At present, he is working on a biography of Mexican-born, silent film star Ram—n Novarro, tentatively titled Crossing the Boundaries of Race, Religion, and Desire: The Life of Ramon Novarro.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. v
Prefacep. vii
Map: Contested Terrain in the U.S. War with Mexicop. xvi
Introduction: Race, Manifest Destiny, and the U.S. War with Mexicop. 1
Manifest Destinyp. 2
Neighboring Republicsp. 3
Indians and Westward Expansionp. 4
Colonizing Texasp. 5
Texas's War for Independencep. 7
The Republic of Texas and U.S.-Mexico Diplomatic Relationsp. 10
Toward Warp. 13
Popular Opinion and the War in the United Statesp. 16
Waging the Warp. 19
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgop. 24
Foreigners in Their Native Landp. 27
Manifest Destiny Exportedp. 32
Conclusionp. 32
The Documentsp. 35
John L. O'Sullivan, Annexation, July-August 1845p. 35
U.S. Congress, Naturalization Act, March 26, 1790p. 37
Agustin de Iturbide, Plan de Iguala, February 24, 1821p. 38
Mexican Constitutional Congress, Mexican Constitution, 1824p. 40
U.S. Congress, Indian Removal Act, May 28, 1830p. 42
United States and Kingdom of Spain, Treaty of San Lorenzo, October 27, 1795p. 44
United States and France, Louisiana Purchase Treaty, April 30, 1803p. 45
Mexican Government, National Colonization Law, August 18, 1824p. 47
Legislature of Coahuila-Texas, Coahuila-Texas State Colonization Law, March 24, 1825p. 49
Manuel Mier y Teran, Letter to War Department, November 29, 1829p. 52
Benjamin Lundy, Conditions for African Americans in Mexican Texas, 1833p. 55
Texan Consultation of Representatives, Texas Declaration of Independence, March 2, 1836p. 57
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Message to the Inhabitants of Texas, March 7, 1836p. 59
Eulalia Yorba, Another Story of the Alamo: The Battle Described by an Alleged Eyewitness, April 1896p. 61
El Mosquito Mexicano, Article Criticizing U.S. Interests in Texas, June 14, 1836p. 62
Daniel Webster, The Admission of Texas, December 22, 1845p. 64
John Slidell, Diplomatic Dispatches to James Buchanan, January 1846p. 66
General Pedro de Ampudia and General Zachary Taylor, Dispatches, April 12, 1846p. 69
General Zachary Taylor, Dispatch to Adjutant General of the Army, April 26, 1846p. 71
President James K. Polk, War Message to Congress, May 11, 1846p. 73
Hugh White, Statement against the Two-Million-Dollar Bill, August 8, 1846p. 76
David Wilmot, Wilmot Proviso, August 8, 1846p. 77
Frederick Douglass, The War with Mexico, January 21, 1848p. 78
New York Herald, Editorial in Support of the War with Mexico, February 20, 1847p. 80
Walt Whitman, War with Mexico, May 11, 1846p. 82
Theodore Parker, A Sermon of the Mexican War, June 1846p. 84
Henry David Thoreau, On Civil Disobedience, 1848p. 86
Women of Exeter, England, and Philadelphia, Women's Peace Petition, June 1846p. 88
Susan Shelby Magoffin, Comments on Mexican Women, 1846p. 91
American Officer, The Virtues of Mexican Women, September 1846p. 93
Henry William Herbert, Pierre the Partisan: A Tale of the Mexican Marches, 1848p. 95
Our Jonathan, Song of the Volunteers, 1846p. 98
John Greenleaf Whittier, The Angels of Buena Vista, 1847p. 100
James Russell Lowell, The Biglow Papers, 1846p. 101
George Wilkins Kendall, The Mexican Joan of Arc, January 12, 1847p. 104
Samuel E. Chamberlain, My Confession, 1855p. 105
Ramon Alcaraz, Description of the Battle of Buena Vista, 1850p. 107
Citizens of New Mexico, Report to the President of Mexico, September 26, 1846p. 109
Ralph W. Kirkham, Description of the City of Puebla, June 28, 1847p. 111
Gideon Johnson Pillow, Letter to Mary Hamilton Pillow, September 28, 1847p. 112
American Star, Comment on Interactions between Mexicans and Americans, November 6, 1847p. 114
Ramon Alcaraz, Observations on the American Occupation of Mexico City, 1850p. 116
John C. Calhoun, Speech on the War with Mexico, January 4, 1848p. 118
United States and Mexico, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, February 1848p. 120
President Manuel de la Pena y Pena, An Address in Support of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, May 7, 1848p. 123
Manuel Crescencio Rejon, Observations on the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, April 17, 1848p. 126
Nathan Clifford, The Protocol of Queretaro, 1848p. 128
U.S. Congress, California Land Act, March 3, 1851p. 130
California Landowners, Petition to the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, February 11, 1859p. 133
Juan N. Seguin, A Foreigner in My Native Land, 1858p. 137
Francisco Ramirez, California Hospitality, September 18, 1855p. 139
Los Angeles Star, An Interview with Noted Bandit Tiburcio Vasquez, May 16, 1874p. 140
Journal of Commerce and Commercial Bulletin, This Is Our Manifest Destiny, November 24, 1897p. 143
A Chronology of Events Related to the U.S.-Mexico War (1789-1897)p. 147
Questions for Considerationp. 153
Selected Bibliographyp. 155
Indexp. 161
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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