Victors and Vanquished Spanish and Nahua Views of the Fall of the Mexica Empire

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Edition: 2nd
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2017-10-16
Publisher(s): Bedford/St. Martin's
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Summary

Focusing on the major events and personalities during the fall of the Mexica empire, Victors and Vanquished helps you go deeper into this historical episode by revealing changing attitudes toward European expansionism.

Author Biography

STUART B. SCHWARTZ is George Burton Adams Professor of History at Yale University. His scholary work concentrates on the early history of Latin America and the history of Brazil. He is the author of Slaves, Peasants, and Rebels: Reconsidering Brazilian Slavery (1992) and Sugar Plantations and the Formation of Brazilian Society: Bahia 1550-1835 (1985), which won the American Historical Associations Bolton Prize for the Best Work in Latin American History. Professor Schwartz is also editor of Implicit Understandings: The Encounter Between Europeans and Other Peoples in the Early Modern Era (1994) and a coeditor of The Cambridge History of Native American Peoples (1999). A former fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, the Institute for Advanced Study, and the American Council of Learned Societies, he is currently completing a work entitled The Rebellion of Portugal and the Crisis of the Iberian Empires, 1621-1668.

Table of Contents

Foreword

Preface

List of Maps and Illustrations

PART ONE

Introduction: States in Conflict

A Long Tradition: The Indigenous Peoples of Mesoamerica

Tenochtitlan: The Foundation of Heaven

Mexica Society

Renaissance Conquistadors

The Spanish Sources

Indigenous Historical Traditions

PART TWO: The Documents

1. Omens

1. Juan de Tovar, Mexican Eagle and Cactus, from History of the Arrival of Indians to Populate Mexico

2. Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex

3. Fray Martín de Jesús de la Coruña, from the Chronicles of Michoacán

4. Diego Durán, from The History of the Indies of New Spain

2. Preparations

5. Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain

6. Hernando Cortés, Letters to Charles V

7. Town Council of Vera Cruz, Letter to Charles V

3 Encounters

8. Hernando Cortés, Letters to Charles V

9. Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain

10. Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex

4. The March Inland: Tlaxcala and Cholula

11. Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain

12. Andrés de Tapia, A Spanish View of the Cholula Massacre

13. Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex

14. Tlaxcalan Noblemen Greet Cortés and Massacre at Cholula, from the Lienzo de Tlaxcala

5. Tenochtitlan

15. Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex

16. Moctezuma and Cortés Meet in Tenochtitlan, from the Lienzo de Tlaxcala

17. Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain

6. Things Fall Apart: Toxcatl and the Noche triste

18. Francisco López de Gómara, from History of the Conquest of Mexico

19. Juan de Tovar, Dance of the Nobles, from History of the Arrival of Indians to Populate Mexico

20. Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex

21. Here Motecuhzoma Died and the Marques Arrived from the Codex Aubin

22. Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain

23. Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex

7. The Siege and Fall of Tenochtitlan

24. New Sun in Tlaxcala and Joint Spanish-Nahua Assault at Copolco, from the Lienzo de Tlaxcala

25. Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxochitl, from the Account of the Conquest of New Spain

26. Fray Martín de Jesús de la Coruña, from the Chronicles of Michoacán

27. Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex

28. Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain

29. Nahua Poetry, from Cantares Mexicanos

8. Aftermath: Tradition and Transformation

30. Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain

31. From the Proof of the Faithful Service of Doña Marina During the Conquest of New Spain

32. Three Folios from the Codex Mendoza

33. The Shape of the Land, from the Relaciónes geográficas and the Mapa Uppsula

34. Town Council of Huejotzingo, Letter to King Phillip II

35. From the Huejotzingo Census (Matrícula de Huexotzinco)

36. Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin, The Death of Cuauhtémoc, from The Codex Chimalpahin

37. From the Title of Acalan-Tixel

APPENDICES

Chronology of the Conquest of Tenochtitlan (1485–1584)

Questions for Consideration

Biographical Notes

Glossary of Terms in Nahuatl and other Indigenous Languages

Selected Bibliography

Index

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