Wars Within War : Mexican Guerrillas, Domestic Elites, and the United States of America, 1846-1848

Format: Hardcover
Pub. Date: 2005-06-30
Publisher(s): Texas A & M Univ Pr
List Price: $29.95

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Traditional characterizations of the 1846-1848 war between the United States and Mexico emphasize the conventional battles waged between two sovereign nations. However, two little-known guerrilla wars took place at the same time. Using information from twenty-four archives, including the normally closed files of Mexico's National Defense Archives, "Wars within War argues that these other conflicts proved crucial to the course of events. In the first struggle, a force organized by the Mexican army launched a prolonged campaign against supply lines connecting the port of Veracruz to U.s. forces advancing upon Mexico City. In spite of U.S. efforts to destroy the partisans' base of support, these armed Mexicans remained a significant threat as late as January 1848. Concurrently, rebellions of class and race erupted among Mexicans, an offshoot of the older struggle between a predominantly "criollo elite of European parentage and the indigenous population excluded from participation in political and economic life. Many of the "criollo were more afraid of their fellow Mexicans than of the invaders from the north. By challenging their rulers, guerrillas forced Mexico's government to abandon further resistance to the United States, changing the course of the war and Mexican history.

Author Biography

Irving W. Levinson is assistant professor at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, where he teaches Latin American history. Previously, he taught that subject at the University of Texas in Austin.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii
List of Photographs, Tables, and Maps x
Archival Abbreviations xi
Introduction xiii
CHAPTER 1 The Formation of a Divided Nation 1(14)
CHAPTER 2 The Ghosts of Saragossa: The Invasion of Central Mexico 15(26)
CHAPTER 3 Success, Frustrating Success 41(16)
CHAPTER 4 Perfect Anarchy 57(28)
CHAPTER 5 United against the Majority 85(26)
CHAPTER 6 Conclusion 111(12)
Appendix A 123(2)
Notes 125(20)
Bibliographic Essay 145(10)
Bibliography 155(14)
Index 169

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