Race and Ethnicity in the United States

Edition: 3rd
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2005-01-01
Publisher(s): Prentice Hall
List Price: $52.60

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The book introduces the basic sociological concepts relevant to the study of dominant and subordinate relations, and gives a basic intellectual framework to approach this ever-changing and emotional facet of life in this country. This concise topical introduction to race and ethnicity in the U.S. explores prejudice, discrimination, immigration, ethnicity, and religion in their historical and current contexts. Professionals in politics, social work, human resources, and other professions related to the racial and ethnic climate of the U.S.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Understanding Race and Ethnicityp. 1
What Is a Subordinate Group?p. 4
Types of Subordinate Groupsp. 5
Racial Groupsp. 5
Ethnic Groupsp. 6
Religious Groupsp. 7
Gender Groupsp. 8
Listen to Their Voices: Problem of the Color-Line, W. E. B. DuBoisp. 8
Racep. 9
Biological Meaningp. 9
Social Construction of Racep. 12
Census 2000p. 14
Sociology and the Study of Race and Ethnicityp. 14
Stratification by Class and Genderp. 15
Theoretical Perspectivesp. 16
The Creation of Subordinate-Group Statusp. 20
Migrationp. 21
Annexationp. 21
Colonialismp. 22
The Consequences of Subordinate-Group Statusp. 23
Exterminationp. 24
Expulsionp. 24
Secessionp. 25
Segregationp. 25
Fusionp. 26
Assimilationp. 27
The Pluralist Perspectivep. 29
Who Am I?p. 30
Resistance and Changep. 33
Conclusionp. 35
Key Termsp. 36
Review Questionsp. 36
Critical Thinkingp. 37
Internet Exercisesp. 37
Prejudicep. 39
Hate Crimesp. 42
Prejudice and Discriminationp. 44
Theories of Prejudicep. 47
Scapegoating Theoryp. 47
Authoritarian Personality Theoryp. 48
Exploitation Theoryp. 49
Normative Approachp. 50
The Content of Prejudice: Stereotypesp. 51
The Extent of Prejudicep. 54
The Social Distance Scalep. 54
Attitude Changep. 57
The Mood of the Subordinate Groupp. 58
Listen to Their Voices: In Search of Bruce Lee's Grave, Shanlon Wup. 61
Intergroup Hostilityp. 63
Reducing Prejudicep. 64
Mass Media and Educationp. 64
Television: A Case Study of the Mediap. 66
Equal-Status Contactp. 68
Conclusionp. 70
Key Termsp. 71
Review Questionsp. 71
Critical Thinkingp. 71
Internet Exercisesp. 71
Discriminationp. 73
Understanding Discriminationp. 76
Relative Versus Absolute Deprivationp. 76
Total Discriminationp. 77
Institutional Discriminationp. 78
Listen to Their Voices: Of Race and Risk, Patricia J. Williamsp. 79
The Informal Economyp. 81
The Underclassp. 83
Discrimination Todayp. 85
Measuring Discriminationp. 85
Eliminating Discriminationp. 88
Environmental Justicep. 91
Affirmative Actionp. 93
Affirmative Action Explainedp. 94
The Debatep. 95
Reverse Discriminationp. 98
The Glass Ceilingp. 100
Conclusionp. 104
Key Termsp. 105
Review Questionsp. 105
Critical Thinkingp. 105
Internet Exercisesp. 106
Immigration and the United Statesp. 108
Early Immigrationp. 111
The Anti-Catholic Crusadep. 112
The Anti-Chinese Movementp. 113
Restrictionist Sentiment Increasesp. 117
The National Origins Systemp. 117
Listen to Their Voices: Roots, Raffi Ishkanianp. 119
The 1965 Immigration and Naturalization Actp. 120
Contemporary Concernsp. 122
The Brain Drainp. 122
Population Growthp. 124
Illegal Immigrationp. 125
The Economic Impact of Immigrationp. 128
Refugeesp. 131
Conclusionp. 133
Key Termsp. 134
Review Questionsp. 134
Critical Thinkingp. 135
Internet Exercisesp. 135
Ethnicity and Religionp. 137
Ethnic Diversityp. 139
Why Don't We Study Whiteness?p. 139
Listen to Their Voices: When the Boats Arrived, Diane Glancyp. 141
Religious Pluralismp. 143
The Rediscovery of Ethnicityp. 146
The Third-Generation Principlep. 147
Symbolic Ethnicityp. 148
The Price Paid by White Ethnicsp. 150
Prejudice toward White Ethnic Groupsp. 150
The Prejudice of Ethnicsp. 151
Case Example: The Italian Americansp. 153
Ethnicity, Religion, and Social Classp. 156
Religion in the United Statesp. 158
Diversity among Roman Catholicsp. 159
Diversity among Protestantsp. 160
Women and Religionp. 162
Religion and the U.S. Supreme Courtp. 163
Limits of Religious Freedom: The Amishp. 167
Conclusionp. 171
Key Termsp. 172
Review Questionsp. 172
Critical Thinkingp. 172
Internet Exercisesp. 173
The Nation as a Kaleidoscopep. 175
The Glass Half Emptyp. 177
Is There a Model Minority?p. 179
Talking Past One Anotherp. 182
Listen to Their Voices: A Bench by the Side of the Road, Toni Morrisonp. 184
The Changing Face of the Workforcep. 185
Conclusionp. 186
Key Termp. 186
Review Questionsp. 186
Critical Thinkingp. 187
Internet Exercisep. 187
Glossaryp. 188
Referencesp. 191
Photo Creditsp. 203
Indexp. 205
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.


Race and ethnicity remain an important part of the national agenda in the United States. The relationships between racial and ethnic groups are not a static phenomenon, and although it is always a part of the social reality, specific aspects change. At that time of the first edition in 1995, the growing presence of Central Americans was duly noted. Today there is growing concern about the degree of acceptance of Arab Americans and Muslims in the United States, and collectively the number of Latinos now exceeds that of African Americans. Specific issues may change over time, but they continue to play out against a backdrop of discrimination that is rooted in the social structure and changing population composition, as influenced by immigration patterns and reproduction patterns. We continue to be reminded about the importance of the social construction of many aspects of racial and ethnic relations. What constitutes a race in terms of identity? What meaning do race and ethnicity have amid the growing number of interracial marriages and marriages across cultural boundaries? Beyond the spectrum of race and ethnicity, we see the socially constructed meaning attached to all religions as members debate who is the "true" keeper of the faith. The very issue of national identity is also a part of the agenda. The public and politicians alike ask, "How many immigrants can we accept?" and "How much should be done to make up for past discrimination?" We are also witnessing the emergence of race, ethnicity, and national identity as global issues. Changes in the Third. Edition As with all previous editions, every line, every source, and every number has been rechecked for its currency. We pride ourselves on providing the most current information possible to document the patterns in intergroup relations both in the United States and abroad. Relevant scholarly findings in a variety of disciplines including economics, anthropology, and communication sciences have been incorporated. The feat ture "Listen to Our Voices" appears in every chapter. These selections include excerpts from the writings or speeches of noted members of racial and ethnic groups such as W. E. B. DuBois and Helen Zia. Their writings will help students appreciate the emotional and the intellectual energies felt by subordinate groups. Those in bold print are new to this edition. Listen to Our Voices Problem of the ColorLine by W.E.B. DuBois (Chapter 1) National Media Should Stop Using Obscene WordsbyTim Giago(Chapter 2) When Work DisappearsbyWilliam Julius Wilson (Chapter 3) Leaving Cubaby Alfredo Jimenez (Chapter 4) When the Boats Arrivedby Diane Glancy (Chapter 5) Gangsters, Gooks, Geishas, and Geeksby Helen Zia (Chapter 6) In addition to four new Listen to Our Voices, the third edition includes the following additions and changes: New key terms such asrasylees(Chapter 4),globalization(Chapter 1),naturalization(Chapter 4),redlining(Chapter 3),social distance(chapter 3), andtransnationals(Chapter 4). Latest data from the census in the text material and illustrated in charts and maps throughout the book. The impact of September 11, 2001, on the Arab- and MuslimAmerican community (Chapter 2). A new section on how corporations attempt to address prejudice through diversity training (Chapter 2). A new section dealing with the global economy and its impact on immigration to the United States (Chapter 4). A separate section on the concept of "White privilege" (Chapter 5). In addition, tables, figures, maps, further readings, relevant journals, political cartoons, and Internet Exercises have been updated. The final chapter highlights other groups that have been t

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